HYRIMOZ (adalimumab-adaz) injection, solution
Sandoz Inc

Sandoz Inc
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE
HYRIMOZ
adalimumab-adaz
ADALIMUMAB
ADALIMUMAB
ADIPIC ACID
MANNITOL
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
HYDROCHLORIC ACID
SODIUM HYDROXIDE

Indications and Usage,

  •  Hidradenitis Suppurativa (1.8) 4/2023

Indications and Usage, Uveitis (1.9) 9/2023

  •  Dosage and Administration, Uveitis (2.5) 9/2023

Dosage and Administration,

  •  Hidradenitis Suppurativa (2.6) 4/2023

WARNING: SERIOUS INFECTIONS and MALIGNANCY

SERIOUS INFECTIONS

  •   Patients treated with adalimumab products including HYRIMOZ, are at increased risk for developing serious infections that may lead to hospitalization or death [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]. Most patients who developed these infections were taking concomitant immunosuppressants such as methotrexate or corticosteroids.
  •   Discontinue HYRIMOZ if a patient develops a serious infection or sepsis.

Reported infections include:

  • Active tuberculosis (TB), including reactivation of latent TB. Patients with TB have frequently presented with disseminated or extrapulmonary disease. Test patients for latent TB before HYRIMOZ use and during therapy. Initiate treatment for latent TB prior to HYRIMOZ use.
  • Invasive fungal infections, including histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, candidiasis, aspergillosis, blastomycosis, and pneumocystosis. Patients with histoplasmosis or other invasive fungal infections may present with disseminated, rather than localized, disease. Antigen and antibody testing for histoplasmosis may be negative in some patients with active infection. Consider empiric anti-fungal therapy in patients at risk for invasive fungal infections who develop severe systemic illness.
  • Bacterial, viral and other infections due to opportunistic pathogens, including Legionella and Listeria.

Carefully consider the risks and benefits of treatment with HYRIMOZ prior to initiating therapy in patients with chronic or recurrent infection.

Monitor patients closely for the development of signs and symptoms of infection during and after treatment with HYRIMOZ, including the possible development of TB in patients who tested negative for latent TB infection prior to initiating therapy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1) and Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

MALIGNANCY

Lymphoma and other malignancies, some fatal, have been reported in children and adolescent patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]. Post-marketing cases of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL), a rare type of T-cell lymphoma, have been reported in patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products. These cases have had a very aggressive disease course and have been fatal. The majority of reported TNF blocker cases have occurred in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis and the majority were in adolescent and young adult males. Almost all these patients had received treatment with azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine (6–MP) concomitantly with a TNF blocker at or prior to diagnosis. It is uncertain whether the occurrence of HSTCL is related to use of a TNF blocker or a TNF blocker in combination with these other immunosuppressants [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

WARNING: SERIOUS INFECTIONS and MALIGNANCY

See full prescribing information for complete boxed warning.

SERIOUS INFECTIONS (5.1, 6.1):

  • Increased risk of serious infections leading to hospitalization or death, including tuberculosis (TB), bacterial sepsis, invasive fungal infections (such as histoplasmosis), and infections due to other opportunistic pathogens.
  • Discontinue HYRIMOZ if a patient develops a serious infection or sepsis during treatment.
  • Perform test for latent TB; if positive, start treatment for TB prior to starting HYRIMOZ.
  • Monitor all patients for active TB during treatment, even if initial latent TB test is negative.

MALIGNANCY (5.2):

  • Lymphoma and other malignancies, some fatal, have been reported in children and adolescent patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products.
  • Post-marketing cases of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL), a rare type of T-cell lymphoma, have occurred in adolescent and young adults with inflammatory bowel disease treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products.

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

HYRIMOZ is a tumor necrosis factor (TNF)-blocker indicated for:

  • Rheumatoid Arthritis (RA) (1.1): reducing signs and symptoms, inducing major clinical response, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with moderately to severely active RA.
  • Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA) (1.2): reducing signs and symptoms of moderately to severely active polyarticular JIA in patients 2 years of age and older.
  • Psoriatic Arthritis (PsA) (1.3): reducing signs and symptoms, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with active PsA.
  • Ankylosing Spondylitis (AS) (1.4): reducing signs and symptoms in adult patients with active AS.
  • Crohn’s Disease (CD) (1.5): treatment of moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease in adults and pediatric patients 6 years of age and older.
  • Ulcerative Colitis (UC) (1.6): treatment of moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis in adult patients.
  •   Limitations of Use: Effectiveness has not been established in patients who have lost response to or were intolerant to TNF blockers.
  • Plaque Psoriasis (Ps) (1.7): treatment of adult patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy, and when other systemic therapies are medically less appropriate.
  • Hidradenitis Suppurativa (HS) ( 1.8 ): treatment of moderate to severe hidradenitis suppurativa in adult patients.
  • Uveitis (UV) ( 1.9 ): treatment of non-infectious intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis in adult patients.

1.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis

HYRIMOZ is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms, inducing major clinical response, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis. HYRIMOZ can be used alone or in combination with methotrexate or other non-biologic disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs).

1.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

HYRIMOZ is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms of moderately to severely active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis in patients 2 years of age and older. HYRIMOZ can be used alone or in combination with methotrexate.

1.3 Psoriatic Arthritis

HYRIMOZ is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms, inhibiting the progression of structural damage, and improving physical function in adult patients with active psoriatic arthritis. HYRIMOZ can be used alone or in combination with non-biologic DMARDs.

1.4 Ankylosing Spondylitis

HYRIMOZ is indicated for reducing signs and symptoms in adult patients with active ankylosing spondylitis.

1.5 Crohn’s Disease

HYRIMOZ is indicated for the treatment of moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease in adults and pediatric patients 6 years of age and older.

1.6 Ulcerative Colitis

HYRIMOZ is indicated for the treatment of moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis in adult patients.

Limitations of Use:

The effectiveness of adalimumab products has not been established in patients who have lost response to or were intolerant to TNF-blockers [see Clinical Studies (14.7)].

1.7 Plaque Psoriasis

HYRIMOZ is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with moderate to severe chronic plaque psoriasis who are candidates for systemic therapy or phototherapy, and when other systemic therapies are medically less appropriate. HYRIMOZ should only be administered to patients who will be closely monitored and have regular follow-up visits with a physician [see Warnings and Precautions (5)].

1.8 Hidradenitis Suppurativa

HYRIMOZ is indicated for the treatment of moderate to severe hidradenitis suppurativa in adult patients.

1.9 Uveitis

HYRIMOZ is indicated for the treatment of non-infectious intermediate, posterior, and panuveitis in adult patients.

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

  • Administered by subcutaneous injection (2)

Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, Ankylosing Spondylitis (2.1):

  • Adults: 40 mg every other week.
    • Some patients with RA not receiving methotrexate may benefit from increasing the dosage to 40 mg every week or 80 mg every other week.

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (2.2):

Pediatric Weight

2 Years of Age and Older

Recommended Dosage

10 kg (22 lbs) to less than 15 kg (33 lbs)

10 mg every other week

15 kg (33 lbs) to less than 30 kg (66 lbs)

20 mg every other week

30 kg (66 lbs) and greater

40 mg every other week

Crohn's Disease (2.3):

  • Adults: 160 mg on Day 1 (given in one day or split over two consecutive days); 80 mg on Day 15; and 40 mg
  •  every other week starting on Day 29.
  • Pediatric Patients 6 Years of Age and Older:

Pediatric Weight

Recommended Dosage

Days 1 and 15

  •   Starting on Day 29

17 kg (37 lbs) to less than 40 kg (88 lbs)

Day 1: 80 mg

Day 15: 40 mg

20 mg every other week

40 kg (88 lbs) and greater

Day 1: 160 mg (single dose or split over two consecutive days)

Day 15: 80 mg

40 mg every other week

Ulcerative Colitis (2.4):

  • Adults: 160 mg on Day 1 (given in one day or split over two consecutive days), 80 mg on Day 15 and 40 mg every other week starting on Day 29.
  •  Discontinue in patients without evidence of clinical remission by eight weeks (Day 57).

Plaque Psoriasis or Adult Uveitis (2.5):

  • Adults: 80 mg initial dose, followed by 40 mg every other week starting one week after initial dose.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa (2.6):

  • Adults:
    • oDay 1: 160 mg (given in one day or split over two consecutive days)
    • oDay 15: 80 mg
    • oDay 29 and subsequent doses: 40 mg every week or 80 mg every other week

2.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis, Psoriatic Arthritis, and Ankylosing Spondylitis

The recommended subcutaneous dosage of HYRIMOZ for adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), or ankylosing spondylitis (AS) is 40 mg administered every other week. Methotrexate (MTX), other non-biologic DMARDS, glucocorticoids, nonsteroidal anti-inflammatory drugs (NSAIDs), and/or analgesics may be continued during treatment with HYRIMOZ. In the treatment of RA, some patients not taking concomitant MTX may derive additional benefit from increasing the dosage of HYRIMOZ to 40 mg every week or 80 mg every other week.

2.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

The recommended subcutaneous dosage of HYRIMOZ for patients 2 years of age and older with polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) is based on weight as shown below. MTX, glucocorticoids, NSAIDs, and/or analgesics may be continued during treatment with HYRIMOZ.

Pediatric Weight
(2 Years of Age and older)

Recommended Dosage

10 kg (22 lbs) to less than 15 kg (33 lbs)

10 mg every other week

15 kg (33 lbs) to less than 30 kg (66 lbs)

20 mg every other week

30 kg (66 lbs) and greater

40 mg every other week

Adalimumab products have not been studied in patients with polyarticular JIA less than 2 years of age or in patients with a weight below 10 kg.

2.3 Crohn’s Disease

Adults

The recommended subcutaneous dosage of HYRIMOZ for adult patients with Crohn’s disease (CD) is 160 mg initially on Day 1 (given in one day or split over two consecutive days), followed by 80 mg two weeks later (Day 15). Two weeks later (Day 29) begin a dosage of 40 mg every other week. Aminosalicylates and/or corticosteroids may be continued during treatment with HYRIMOZ. Azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] or MTX may be continued during treatment with HYRIMOZ if necessary.

Pediatrics

The recommended subcutaneous dosage of HYRIMOZ for pediatric patients 6 years of age and older with Crohn’s disease (CD) is based on body weight as shown below:

Pediatric Weight

Recommended Dosage

Days 1 through 15

Starting on Day 29

17 kg (37 lbs) to less than 40 kg (88 lbs)

Day 1: 80 mg

Day 15: 40 mg

20 mg every other week

40 kg (88 lbs) and greater

Day 1: 160 mg (single dose or split over two consecutive days)

Day 15: 80 mg

40 mg every other week

2.4 Ulcerative Colitis

Adults

The recommended subcutaneous dosage of HYRIMOZ for adult patients with ulcerative colitis is 160 mg initially on Day 1 (given in one day or split over two consecutive days), followed by 80 mg two weeks later (Day 15). Two weeks later (Day 29) continue with a dosage of 40 mg every other week.

Discontinue HYRIMOZ in adult patients without evidence of clinical remission by eight weeks (Day 57) of therapy. Aminosalicylates and/or corticosteroids may be continued during treatment with HYRIMOZ. Azathioprine and 6-mercaptopurine (6-MP) [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)] may be continued during treatment with HYRIMOZ if necessary.

2.5 Plaque Psoriasis or Adult Uveitis

The recommended subcutaneous dosage of HYRIMOZ for adult patients with plaque psoriasis (Ps) or Uveitis (UV) is an initial dose of 80 mg, followed by 40 mg given every other week starting one week after the initial dose. The use of adalimumab products in moderate to severe chronic Ps beyond one year has not been evaluated in controlled clinical studies.

2.6 Hidradenitis Suppurativa

Adults

The recommended subcutaneous dosage of HYRIMOZ for adult patients with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) is an initial dose of 160 mg (given in one day or split over two consecutive days), followed by 80 mg two weeks later (Day 15). Begin 40 mg weekly or 80 mg every other week dosing two weeks later (Day 29).

2.7 Monitoring to Assess Safety

Prior to initiating HYRIMOZ and periodically during therapy, evaluate patients for active tuberculosis and test for latent infection [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

2.8 General Considerations for Administration

HYRIMOZ is intended for use under the guidance and supervision of a physician. A patient may self-inject HYRIMOZ or a caregiver may inject HYRIMOZ using either the HYRIMOZ single-dose prefilled Sensoready Pen or the HYRIMOZ single-dose prefilled syringe if a physician determines that it is appropriate, and with medical follow-up, as necessary, after proper training in subcutaneous injection technique.

You may leave HYRIMOZ at room temperature for about 15 to 30 minutes before injecting. Do not remove the cap while allowing it to reach room temperature. Carefully inspect the solution in the HYRIMOZ single-dose prefilled Sensoready Pen or HYRIMOZ single-dose prefilled syringe for particulate matter and discoloration prior to subcutaneous administration. The solution should be clear, colorless or slightly yellowish. Do not use a prefilled syringe or prefilled Sensoready Pen if the solution is cloudy, discolored, or has flakes or particles in it. HYRIMOZ does not contain preservatives; therefore, discard unused portions of drug remaining from the syringe.

Instruct patients using the HYRIMOZ single-dose prefilled Sensoready Pen and the HYRIMOZ single-dose prefilled syringe to inject the full amount according to the directions provided in the Instructions for Use [see Instructions for Use].

Injections should occur at separate sites in the thigh or abdomen. Rotate injection sites and do not give injections into areas where the skin is tender, bruised, red or hard.

If a dose is missed, administer the dose as soon as possible. Thereafter, resume dosing at the regular scheduled time.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

HYRIMOZ is a clear, colorless or slightly yellowish solution available as:

  • Pen (Sensoready Pen)
  •  Injection: 40 mg/0.8 mL in a single-dose pen.
  •  Injection: 80 mg/0.8 mL in a single-dose pen.
  •  Injection: 40 mg/0.4 mL in a single-dose pen.
  • Prefilled syringe with BD UltraSafe Passive™ Needle Guard
  •  Injection: 40 mg/0.8 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe.
  •  Injection: 20 mg/0.4 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe.
  •  Injection: 80 mg/0.8 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe.
  •  Injection: 40 mg/0.4 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe.
  • Prefilled syringe
  •  Injection: 10 mg/0.2 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe.
  •  Injection: 20 mg/0.2 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe.
  •  Injection: 10 mg/0.1 mL in a single-dose prefilled glass syringe.

Injection:

  • Single-dose prefilled pen (Sensoready Pen): 40 mg/0.8 mL, 40 mg/0.4 mL and 80 mg/0.8 mL (3)
  • Single-dose prefilled glass syringe (with BD UltraSafe Passive™ Needle Guard): 20 mg/0.4 mL, 40 mg/0.8 mL, 40 mg/0.4 mL and 80 mg/0.8 mL (3)
  • Single-dose prefilled glass syringe: 10 mg/0.2 mL, 10 mg/0.1 mL and 20 mg/0.2 mL ( 3 )

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

None (4)

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

  • Serious infections: Do not start HYRIMOZ during an active infection. If an infection develops, monitor carefully, and stop HYRIMOZ if infection becomes serious (5.1)
  • Invasive fungal infections: For patients who develop a systemic illness on HYRIMOZ, consider empiric antifungal therapy for those who reside or travel to regions where mycoses are endemic (5.1)
  • Malignancies: Incidence of malignancies was greater in adalimumab-treated patients than in controls (5.2)
  • Anaphylaxis or serious hypersensitivity reactions may occur (5.3)
  • Hepatitis B virus reactivation: Monitor HBV carriers during and several months after therapy. If reactivation occurs, stop HYRIMOZ and begin anti-viral therapy (5.4)
  • Demyelinating disease: Exacerbation or new onset, may occur (5.5)
  • Cytopenias, pancytopenia: Advise patients to seek immediate medical attention if symptoms develop, and consider stopping HYRIMOZ (5.6)
  • Heart failure: Worsening or new onset, may occur (5.8)
  • Lupus-like syndrome: Stop HYRIMOZ if syndrome develops (5.9)

5.1 Serious Infections

Patients treated with adalimumab products, including HYRIMOZ, are at increased risk for developing serious infections involving various organ systems and sites that may lead to hospitalization or death. Opportunistic infections due to bacterial, mycobacterial, invasive fungal, viral, parasitic, or other opportunistic pathogens including aspergillosis, blastomycosis, candidiasis, coccidioidomycosis, histoplasmosis, legionellosis, listeriosis, pneumocystosis and tuberculosis have been reported with TNF blockers. Patients have frequently presented with disseminated rather than localized disease.

The concomitant use of a TNF blocker and abatacept or anakinra was associated with a higher risk of serious infections in patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA); therefore, the concomitant use of HYRIMOZ and these biologic products is not recommended in the treatment of patients with RA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7, 5.11) and Drug Interactions (7.2)].

Treatment with HYRIMOZ should not be initiated in patients with an active infection, including localized infections. Patients 65 years of age and older, patients with co-morbid conditions and/or patients taking concomitant immunosuppressants (such as corticosteroids or methotrexate), may be at greater risk of infection. Consider the risks and benefits of treatment prior to initiating therapy in patients:

  • with chronic or recurrent infection;
  • who have been exposed to tuberculosis;
  • with a history of an opportunistic infection;
  • who have resided or traveled in areas of endemic tuberculosis or endemic mycoses, such as histoplasmosis, coccidioidomycosis, or blastomycosis; or
  • with underlying conditions that may predispose them to infection.

Tuberculosis

Cases of reactivation of tuberculosis and new onset tuberculosis infections have been reported in patients receiving adalimumab products, including patients who have previously received treatment for latent or active tuberculosis. Reports included cases of pulmonary and extrapulmonary (i.e., disseminated) tuberculosis. Evaluate patients for tuberculosis risk factors and test for latent infection prior to initiating HYRIMOZ and periodically during therapy.

Treatment of latent tuberculosis infection prior to therapy with TNF blocking agents has been shown to reduce the risk of tuberculosis reactivation during therapy. Prior to initiating HYRIMOZ, assess if treatment for latent tuberculosis is needed; and consider an induration of ≥ 5 mm a positive tuberculin skin test result, even for patients previously vaccinated with Bacille Calmette-Guerin (BCG).

Consider anti-tuberculosis therapy prior to initiation of HYRIMOZ in patients with a past history of latent or active tuberculosis in whom an adequate course of treatment cannot be confirmed, and for patients with a negative test for latent tuberculosis but having risk factors for tuberculosis infection. Despite prophylactic treatment for tuberculosis, cases of reactivated tuberculosis have occurred in patients treated with adalimumab products. Consultation with a physician with expertise in the treatment of tuberculosis is recommended to aid in the decision whether initiating anti-tuberculosis therapy is appropriate for an individual patient.

Strongly consider tuberculosis in the differential diagnosis in patients who develop a new infection during HYRIMOZ treatment, especially in patients who have previously or recently traveled to countries with a high prevalence of tuberculosis, or who have had close contact with a person with active tuberculosis.

Monitoring

Closely monitor patients for the development of signs and symptoms of infection during and after treatment with HYRIMOZ, including the development of tuberculosis in patients who tested negative for latent tuberculosis infection prior to initiating therapy. Tests for latent tuberculosis infection may also be falsely negative while on therapy with HYRIMOZ.

Discontinue HYRIMOZ if a patient develops a serious infection or sepsis. For a patient who develops a new infection during treatment with HYRIMOZ, closely monitor them, perform a prompt and complete diagnostic workup appropriate for an immunocompromised patient, and initiate appropriate antimicrobial therapy.

Invasive Fungal Infections

If patients develop a serious systemic illness and they reside or travel in regions where mycoses are endemic, consider invasive fungal infection in the differential diagnosis. Antigen and antibody testing for histoplasmosis may be negative in some patients with active infection. Consider appropriate empiric antifungal therapy, taking into account both the risk for severe fungal infection and the risks of antifungal therapy, while a diagnostic workup is being performed. To aid in the management of such patients, consider consultation with a physician with expertise in the diagnosis and treatment of invasive fungal infections.

5.2 Malignancies

Consider the risks and benefits of TNF-blocker treatment including HYRIMOZ prior to initiating therapy in patients with a known malignancy other than a successfully treated non-melanoma skin cancer (NMSC) or when considering continuing a TNF-blocker in patients who develop a malignancy.

Malignancies in Adults

In the controlled portions of clinical trials of some TNF-blockers, including adalimumab products, more cases of malignancies have been observed among TNF-blocker-treated adult patients compared to control-treated adult patients. During the controlled portions of 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with rheumatoid arthritis (RA), psoriatic arthritis (PsA), ankylosing spondylitis (AS), Crohn’s disease (CD), ulcerative colitis (UC), plaque psoriasis (Ps), hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) and uveitis (UV), malignancies, other than non-melanoma (basal cell and squamous cell) skin cancer, were observed at a rate (95% confidence interval) of 0.7 (0.48, 1.03) per 100 patient-years among 7973 adalimumab-treated patients versus a rate of 0.7 (0.41, 1.17) per 100 patient-years among 4848 control-treated patients (median duration of treatment of 4 months for adalimumab-treated patients and 4 months for control-treated patients). In 52 global controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials of adalimumab in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, HS and UV, the most frequently observed malignancies, other than lymphoma and NMSC, were breast, colon, prostate, lung, and melanoma. The malignancies in adalimumab-treated patients in the controlled and uncontrolled portions of the studies were similar in type and number to what would be expected in the general U.S. population according to the SEER database (adjusted for age, gender, and race).1

In controlled trials of other TNF blockers in adult patients at higher risk for malignancies (i.e., patients with COPD with a significant smoking history and cyclophosphamide-treated patients with Wegener’s granulomatosis), a greater portion of malignancies occurred in the TNF blocker group compared to the control group.

Non-Melanoma Skin Cancer

During the controlled portions of 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, HS and UV, the rate (95% confidence interval) of NMSC was 0.8 (0.52, 1.09) per 100 patient-years among adalimumab-treated patients and 0.2 (0.10, 0.59) per 100 patient-years among control-treated patients. Examine all patients, and in particular patients with a medical history of prior prolonged immunosuppressant therapy or psoriasis patients with a history of PUVA treatment for the presence of NMSC prior to and during treatment with HYRIMOZ.

Lymphoma and Leukemia

In the controlled portions of clinical trials of all the TNF-blockers in adults, more cases of lymphoma have been observed among TNF-blocker-treated patients compared to control-treated patients. In the controlled portions of 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, HS and UV, 2 lymphomas occurred among 7973 adalimumab-treated patients versus 1 among 4848 control-treated patients. In 52 global controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials of adalimumab in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, HS and UV with a median duration of approximately 0.7 years, including 24,605 patients and over 40,215 patient-years of adalimumab, the observed rate of lymphomas was approximately 0.11 per 100 patient-years. This is approximately 3-fold higher than expected in the general U.S. population according to the SEER database (adjusted for age, gender, and race).1 Rates of lymphoma in clinical trials of adalimumab cannot be compared to rates of lymphoma in clinical trials of other TNF-blockers and may not predict the rates observed in a broader patient population. Patients with RA and other chronic inflammatory diseases, particularly those with highly active disease and/or chronic exposure to immunosuppressant therapies, may be at a higher risk (up to several fold) than the general population for the development of lymphoma, even in the absence of TNF blockers. Post-marketing cases of acute and chronic leukemia have been reported in association with TNF-blocker use in RA and other indications. Even in the absence of TNF-blocker therapy, patients with RA may be at a higher risk (approximately 2-fold) than the general population for the development of leukemia.

Malignancies in Pediatric Patients and Young Adults

Malignancies, some fatal, have been reported among children, adolescents, and young adults who received treatment with TNF-blockers (initiation of therapy ≤ 18 years of age), of which HYRIMOZ is a member. Approximately half the cases were lymphomas, including Hodgkin's and non-Hodgkin's lymphoma. The other cases represented a variety of different malignancies and included rare malignancies usually associated with immunosuppression and malignancies that are not usually observed in children and adolescents. The malignancies occurred after a median of 30 months of therapy (range 1 to 84 months). Most of the patients were receiving concomitant immunosuppressants. These cases were reported post-marketing and are derived from a variety of sources including registries and spontaneous postmarketing reports.

Postmarketing cases of hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma (HSTCL), a rare type of T-cell lymphoma, have been reported in patients treated with TNF blockers including adalimumab products. These cases have had a very aggressive disease course and have been fatal. The majority of reported TNF blocker cases have occurred in patients with Crohn's disease or ulcerative colitis and the majority were in adolescent and young adult males. Almost all of these patients had received treatment with the immunosuppressants azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine (6–MP) concomitantly with a TNF blocker at or prior to diagnosis. It is uncertain whether the occurrence of HSTCL is related to use of a TNF blocker or a TNF blocker in combination with these other immunosuppressants. The potential risk with the combination of azathioprine or 6-mercaptopurine and HYRIMOZ should be carefully considered.

5.3 Hypersensitivity Reactions

Anaphylaxis and angioneurotic edema have been reported following administration of adalimumab products. If an anaphylactic or other serious allergic reaction occurs, immediately discontinue administration of HYRIMOZ and institute appropriate therapy. In clinical trials of adalimumab, hypersensitivity reactions (e.g., rash, anaphylactoid reaction, fixed drug reaction, non-specified drug reaction, urticaria) have been observed.

5.4 Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation

Use of TNF blockers, including HYRIMOZ, may increase the risk of reactivation of hepatitis B virus (HBV) in patients who are chronic carriers of this virus. In some instances, HBV reactivation occurring in conjunction with TNF blocker therapy has been fatal. The majority of these reports have occurred in patients concomitantly receiving other medications that suppress the immune system, which may also contribute to HBV reactivation. Evaluate patients at risk for HBV infection for prior evidence of HBV infection before initiating TNF blocker therapy. Exercise caution in prescribing TNF blockers for patients identified as carriers of HBV. Adequate data are not available on the safety or efficacy of treating patients who are carriers of HBV with anti-viral therapy in conjunction with TNF blocker therapy to prevent HBV reactivation. For patients who are carriers of HBV and require treatment with TNF blockers, closely monitor such patients for clinical and laboratory signs of active HBV infection throughout therapy and for several months following termination of therapy. In patients who develop HBV reactivation, stop HYRIMOZ and initiate effective anti-viral therapy with appropriate supportive treatment. The safety of resuming TNF blocker therapy after HBV reactivation is controlled is not known. Therefore, exercise caution when considering resumption of HYRIMOZ therapy in this situation and monitor patients closely.

5.5 Neurologic Reactions

Use of TNF blocking agents, including adalimumab products, has been associated with rare cases of new onset or exacerbation of clinical symptoms and/or radiographic evidence of central nervous system demyelinating disease, including multiple sclerosis (MS) and optic neuritis, and peripheral demyelinating disease, including Guillain-Barré syndrome. Exercise caution in considering the use of HYRIMOZ in patients with preexisting or recent-onset central or peripheral nervous system demyelinating disorders; discontinuation of HYRIMOZ should be considered if any of these disorders develop. There is a known association between intermediate uveitis and central demyelinating disorders.

5.6 Hematological Reactions

Rare reports of pancytopenia including aplastic anemia have been reported with TNF blocking agents. Adverse reactions of the hematologic system, including medically significant cytopenia (e.g., thrombocytopenia, leukopenia) have been infrequently reported with adalimumab products. The causal relationship of these reports to adalimumab products remains unclear. Advise all patients to seek immediate medical attention if they develop signs and symptoms suggestive of blood dyscrasias or infection (e.g., persistent fever, bruising, bleeding, pallor) while on HYRIMOZ. Consider discontinuation of HYRIMOZ therapy in patients with confirmed significant hematologic abnormalities.

5.7 Increased Risk of Infection When Used with Anakinra

Concurrent use of anakinra (an interleukin-1 antagonist) and another TNF-blocker, was associated with a greater proportion of serious infections and neutropenia and no added benefit compared with the TNF-blocker alone in patients with RA. Therefore, the combination of HYRIMOZ and anakinra is not recommended [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

5.8 Heart Failure

Cases of worsening congestive heart failure (CHF) and new onset CHF have been reported with TNF blockers. Cases of worsening CHF have also been observed with adalimumab products. Adalimumab products have not been formally studied in patients with CHF; however, in clinical trials of another TNF blocker, a higher rate of serious CHF-related adverse reactions was observed. Exercise caution when using HYRIMOZ in patients who have heart failure and monitor them carefully.

5.9 Autoimmunity

Treatment with adalimumab products may result in the formation of autoantibodies and, rarely, in the development of a lupus-like syndrome. If a patient develops symptoms suggestive of a lupus-like syndrome following treatment with HYRIMOZ, discontinue treatment [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

5.10 Immunizations

In a placebo-controlled clinical trial of patients with RA, no difference was detected in anti-pneumococcal antibody response between adalimumab and placebo treatment groups when the pneumococcal polysaccharide vaccine and influenza vaccine were administered concurrently with adalimumab. Similar proportions of patients developed protective levels of anti-influenza antibodies between adalimumab and placebo treatment groups; however, titers in aggregate to influenza antigens were moderately lower in patients receiving adalimumab. The clinical significance of this is unknown. Patients on HYRIMOZ may receive concurrent vaccinations, except for live vaccines. No data are available on the secondary transmission of infection by live vaccines in patients receiving adalimumab products.

It is recommended that pediatric patients, if possible, be brought up to date with all immunizations in agreement with current immunization guidelines prior to initiating HYRIMOZ therapy. Patients on HYRIMOZ may receive concurrent vaccinations, except for live vaccines.

The safety of administering live or live-attenuated vaccines in infants exposed to adalimumab products in utero is unknown. Risks and benefits should be considered prior to vaccinating (live or live-attenuated) exposed infants [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.4)].

5.11 Increased Risk of Infection When Used with Abatacept

In controlled trials, the concurrent administration of TNF-blockers and abatacept was associated with a greater proportion of serious infections than the use of a TNF-blocker alone; the combination therapy, compared to the use of a TNF-blocker alone, has not demonstrated improved clinical benefit in the treatment of RA. Therefore, the combination of abatacept with TNF-blockers including HYRIMOZ is not recommended [see Drug Interactions (7.2)].

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

  • Serious Infections [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]
  • Malignancies [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]
  • Hypersensitivity Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.3)]
  • Hepatitis B Virus Reactivation [see Warnings and Precautions (5.4)]
  • Neurologic Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.5)]
  • Hematological Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.6)]
  • Heart Failure [see Warnings and Precautions (5.8)]
  • Autoimmunity [see Warnings and Precautions (5.9)]

Most common adverse reactions (>10%) are: infections (e.g. upper respiratory, sinusitis), injection site reactions, headache and rash (6.1)

To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Sandoz Inc. at 1-800-525-8747 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared to rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in practice.

The most common adverse reaction with adalimumab was injection site reactions. In placebo-controlled trials, 20% of patients treated with adalimumab developed injection site reactions (erythema and/or itching, hemorrhage, pain or swelling), compared to 14% of patients receiving placebo. Most injection site reactions were described as mild and generally did not necessitate drug discontinuation.

The proportion of patients who discontinued treatment due to adverse reactions during the double-blind, placebo-controlled portion of studies in patients with RA (i.e., Studies RA-I, RA-II, RA-III and RA-IV) was 7% for patients taking adalimumab and 4% for placebo-treated patients. The most common adverse reactions leading to discontinuation of adalimumab in these RA studies were clinical flare reaction (0.7%), rash (0.3%) and pneumonia (0.3%).

Infections

In the controlled portions of the 39 global adalimumab clinical trials in adult patients with RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, HS and UV, the rate of serious infections was 4.3 per 100 patient-years in 7973 adalimumab treated patients versus a rate of 2.9 per 100 patient-years in 4848 control treated patients. Serious infections observed included pneumonia, septic arthritis, prosthetic and post-surgical infections, erysipelas, cellulitis, diverticulitis, and pyelonephritis [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Tuberculosis and Opportunistic Infections

In 52 global controlled and uncontrolled clinical trials in RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, HS and UV that included 24,605 adalimumab treated patients, the rate of reported active tuberculosis was 0.20 per 100 patient-years and the rate of positive PPD conversion was 0.09 per 100 patient-years. In a subgroup of 10,113 U.S. and Canadian adalimumab treated patients, the rate of reported active TB was 0.05 per 100 patient-years and the rate of positive PPD conversion was 0.07 per 100 patient-years. These trials included reports of miliary, lymphatic, peritoneal, and pulmonary TB. Most of the TB cases occurred within the first eight months after initiation of therapy and may reflect recrudescence of latent disease. In these global clinical trials, cases of serious opportunistic infections have been reported at an overall rate of 0.05 per 100 patient-years. Some cases of serious opportunistic infections and TB have been fatal [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1)].

Autoantibodies

In the rheumatoid arthritis controlled trials, 12% of patients treated with adalimumab and 7% of placebo-treated patients that had negative baseline ANA titers developed positive titers at Week 24. Two patients out of 3046 treated with adalimumab developed clinical signs suggestive of new-onset lupus-like syndrome. The patients improved following discontinuation of therapy. No patients developed lupus nephritis or central nervous system symptoms. The impact of long-term treatment with adalimumab products on the development of autoimmune diseases is unknown.

Liver Enzyme Elevations

There have been reports of severe hepatic reactions including acute liver failure in patients receiving TNF-blockers. In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (40 mg SC every other week) in patients with RA, PsA, and AS with control period duration ranging from 4 to 104 weeks, ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in 3.5% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.5% of control-treated patients. Since many of these patients in these trials were also taking medications that cause liver enzyme elevations (e.g., NSAIDS, MTX), the relationship between adalimumab and the liver enzyme elevations is not clear. In a controlled Phase 3 trial of adalimumab in patients with polyarticular JIA who were 4 to 17 years, ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in 4.4% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.5% of control-treated patients (ALT more common than AST); liver enzyme test elevations were more frequent among those treated with the combination of adalimumab and MTX than those treated with adalimumab alone. In general, these elevations did not lead to discontinuation of adalimumab treatment. No ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in the open-label study of adalimumab in patients with polyarticular JIA who were 2 to <4 years.

In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (initial doses of 160 mg and 80 mg, or 80 mg and 40 mg on Days 1 and 15, respectively, followed by 40 mg every other week) in adult patients with Crohn’s Disease with a control period duration ranging from 4 to 52 weeks, ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in 0.9% of adalimumab-treated patients and 0.9% of control-treated patients. In the Phase 3 trial of adalimumab in pediatric patients with Crohn’s disease which evaluated efficacy and safety of two body weight based maintenance dose regimens following body weight based induction therapy up to 52 weeks of treatment, ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in 2.6% (5/192) of patients, of whom 4 were receiving concomitant immunosuppressants at baseline; none of these patients discontinued due to abnormalities in ALT tests.

In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (initial doses of 160 mg and 80 mg on Days 1 and 15 respectively, followed by 40 mg every other week) in adult patients with UC with control period duration ranging from 1 to 52 weeks, ALT elevations ≥3 x ULN occurred in 1.5% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.0% of control-treated patients. In controlled Phase 3 trials of adalimumab (initial dose of 80 mg then 40 mg every other week) in patients with Ps with control period duration ranging from 12 to 24 weeks, ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in 1.8% of adalimumab-treated patients and 1.8% of control-treated patients.

In controlled trials of adalimumab (initial doses of 160 mg at Week 0 and 80 mg at Week 2, followed by 40 mg every week starting at Week 4), in subjects with HS with a control period duration ranging from 12 to 16 weeks, ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in 0.3% of adalimumab-treated subjects and 0.6% of control treated subjects.

In controlled trials of adalimumab (initial doses of 80 mg at Week 0 followed by 40 mg every other week starting at Week 1) in adult patients with uveitis with an exposure of 165.4 PYs and 119.8 PYs in adalimumab-treated and control-treated patients, respectively, ALT elevations ≥ 3 x ULN occurred in 2.4% of adalimumab-treated patients and 2.4% of control-treated patients.

Other Adverse Reactions

Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Studies

The data described below reflect exposure to adalimumab in 2468 patients, including 2073 exposed for 6 months, 1497 exposed for greater than one year and 1380 in adequate and well-controlled studies (Studies RA-I, RA-II, RA-III, and RA-IV). Adalimumab was studied primarily in placebo-controlled trials and in long-term follow up studies for up to 36 months duration. The population had a mean age of 54 years, 77% were female, 91% were Caucasian and had moderately to severely active rheumatoid arthritis. Most patients received 40 mg adalimumab every other week [see Clinical Studies (14.1)].

Table 1 summarizes reactions reported at a rate of at least 5% in patients treated with adalimumab 40 mg every other week compared to placebo and with an incidence higher than placebo. In Study RA-III, the types and frequencies of adverse reactions in the second year open-label extension were similar to those observed in the one-year double-blind portion.

  •  Table 1. Adverse Reactions Reported by ≥5% of Patients Treated with Adalimumab During Placebo-Controlled Period of Pooled RA Studies (Studies RA-I, RA-II, RA-III, and RA-IV)
Table 1. Adverse Reactions Reported by ≥5% of Patients Treated with Adalimumab During Placebo-Controlled Period of Pooled RA Studies (Studies RA-I, RA-II, RA-III, and RA-IV)

Adalimumab

40 mg subcutaneous

Every Other Week

  •   Placebo
  •   (N=705)
  •   (N=690)
  •  Adverse Reaction (Preferred Term)
  •   Respiratory
  •  Upper respiratory infection
  •  17 %
  •  13 %
  •  Sinusitis
  •  11 %
  •  9 %
  •  Flu syndrome
  •  7 %
  •  6 %
  •   Gastrointestinal
  •  Nausea
  •  9 %
  •  8 %
  •  Abdominal pain
  •  7 %
  •  4 %
  •   Laboratory Tests*
  •  Laboratory test abnormal
  •  8 %
  •  7 %
  •  Hypercholesterolemia
  •  6 %
  •  4 %
  •  Hyperlipidemia
  •  7 %
  •  5 %
  •  Hematuria
  •  5 %
  •  4 %
  •  Alkaline phosphatase increased
  •  5 %
  •  3 %
  •   Other
  •  Headache
  •  12 %
  •  8 %
  •  Rash
  •  12 %
  •  6 %
  •  Accidental injury
  •  10 %
  •  8 %
  •  Injection site reaction **
  •  8 %
  •  1 %
  •  Back pain
  •  6 %
  •  4 %
  •  Urinary tract infection
  •  8 %
  •  5 %
  •  Hypertension
  •  5 %
  •  3 %

* Laboratory test abnormalities were reported as adverse reactions in European trials.

** Does not include injection site erythema, itching, hemorrhage, pain or swelling.

Less Common Adverse Reactions in Rheumatoid Arthritis Clinical Studies

Other infrequent serious adverse reactions that do not appear in the Warnings and Precautions or Adverse Reaction sections that occurred at an incidence of less than 5% in adalimumab-treated patients in RA studies were:

Body As A Whole: Pain in extremity, pelvic pain, surgery, thorax pain

Cardiovascular System: Arrhythmia, atrial fibrillation, chest pain, coronary artery disorder, heart arrest, hypertensive encephalopathy, myocardial infarct, palpitation, pericardial effusion, pericarditis, syncope, tachycardia

Digestive System: Cholecystitis, cholelithiasis, esophagitis, gastroenteritis, gastrointestinal hemorrhage, hepatic necrosis, vomiting

Endocrine System: Parathyroid disorder

Hemic And Lymphatic System: Agranulocytosis, polycythemia

Metabolic And Nutritional Disorders: Dehydration, healing abnormal, ketosis, paraproteinemia, peripheral edema

Musculo-Skeletal System: Arthritis, bone disorder, bone fracture (not spontaneous), bone necrosis, joint disorder, muscle cramps, myasthenia, pyogenic arthritis, synovitis, tendon disorder

Neoplasia: Adenoma

Nervous System: Confusion, paresthesia, subdural hematoma, tremor

Respiratory System: Asthma, bronchospasm, dyspnea, lung function decreased, pleural effusion

Special Senses: Cataract

Thrombosis: Thrombosis leg

Urogenital System: Cystitis, kidney calculus, menstrual disorder

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis Clinical Studies

In general, the adverse reactions in the adalimumab-treated patients in the polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA) trials (Studies JIA-I and JIA-II) [see Clinical Studies 14.2 ] were similar in frequency and type to those seen in adult patients [see Warnings and Precautions (5), Adverse Reactions (6)]. Important findings and differences from adults are discussed in the following paragraphs.

In Study JIA-I, adalimumab was studied in 171 patients who were 4 to 17 years of age, with polyarticular JIA. Severe adverse reactions reported in the study included neutropenia, streptococcal pharyngitis, increased aminotransferases, herpes zoster, myositis, metrorrhagia, and appendicitis. Serious infections were observed in 4% of patients within approximately 2 years of initiation of treatment with adalimumab and included cases of herpes simplex, pneumonia, urinary tract infection, pharyngitis, and herpes zoster.

In Study JIA-I, 45% of patients experienced an infection while receiving adalimumab with or without concomitant MTX in the first 16 weeks of treatment. The types of infections reported in adalimumab-treated patients were generally similar to those commonly seen in polyarticular JIA patients who are not treated with TNF blockers. Upon initiation of treatment, the most common adverse reactions occurring in this patient population treated with adalimumab were injection site pain and injection site reaction (19% and 16%, respectively). A less commonly reported adverse event in patients receiving adalimumab was granuloma annulare which did not lead to discontinuation of adalimumab treatment.

In the first 48 weeks of treatment in Study JIA-I, non-serious hypersensitivity reactions were seen in approximately 6% of patients and included primarily localized allergic hypersensitivity reactions and allergic rash.

In Study JIA-I, 10% of patients treated with adalimumab who had negative baseline anti-dsDNA antibodies developed positive titers after 48 weeks of treatment. No patient developed clinical signs of autoimmunity during the clinical trial.

Approximately 15% of patients treated with adalimumab developed mild-to-moderate elevations of creatine phosphokinase (CPK) in Study JIA-I. Elevations exceeding 5 times the upper limit of normal were observed in several patients. CPK concentrations decreased or returned to normal in all patients. Most patients were able to continue adalimumab without interruption.

In Study JIA-II, adalimumab was studied in 32 patients who were 2 to <4 years of age or 4 years of age and older weighing <15 kg with polyarticular JIA. The safety profile for this patient population was similar to the safety profile seen in patients 4 to 17 years of age with polyarticular JIA.

In Study JIA-II, 78% of patients experienced an infection while receiving adalimumab. These included nasopharyngitis, bronchitis, upper respiratory tract infection, otitis media, and were mostly mild to moderate in severity. Serious infections were observed in 9% of patients receiving adalimumab in the study and included dental caries, rotavirus gastroenteritis, and varicella.

In Study JIA-II, non-serious allergic reactions were observed in 6% of patients and included intermittent urticaria and rash, which were all mild in severity.

Psoriatic Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 395 patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA) in two placebo-controlled trials and in an open label study and in 393 patients with ankylosing spondylitis (AS) in two placebo-controlled studies [see Clinical Studies (14.3, 14.4)]. The safety profile for patients with PsA and AS treated with adalimumab 40 mg every other week was similar to the safety profile seen in patients with RA, adalimumab Studies RA-I through IV.

Crohn’s Disease Clinical Studies

Adults: The safety profile of adalimumab in 1478 adult patients with Crohn’s disease from four placebo-controlled and two open-label extension studies [see Clinical Studies (14.5)] was similar to the safety profile seen in patients with RA.

Pediatric Patients 6 Years to 17 Years: The safety profile of adalimumab in 192 pediatric patients from one double-blind study (Study PCD-I) and one open-label extension study [see Clinical Studies(14.6)] was similar to the safety profile seen in adult patients with Crohn’s disease.

During the 4-week open label induction phase of Study PCD-I, the most common adverse reactions occurring in the pediatric population treated with adalimumab were injection site pain and injection site reaction (6% and 5%, respectively).

A total of 67% of children experienced an infection while receiving adalimumab in Study PCD-I. These included upper respiratory tract infection and nasopharyngitis.

A total of 5% of children experienced a serious infection while receiving adalimumab in Study PCD-I. These included viral infection, device related sepsis (catheter), gastroenteritis, H1N1 influenza, and disseminated histoplasmosis.

In Study PCD-I, allergic reactions were observed in 5% of children which were all non-serious and were primarily localized reactions.

Ulcerative Colitis Clinical Studies

Adults: The safety profile of adalimumab in 1010 adult patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) from two placebo-controlled studies and one open-label extension study [see Clinical Studies (14.7)] was similar to the safety profile seen in patients with RA.

Plaque Psoriasis Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 1696 subjects with plaque psoriasis (Ps) in placebo-controlled and open-label extension studies [see Clinical Studies (14.9)]. The safety profile for subjects with Ps treated with adalimumab was similar to the safety profile seen in subjects with RA with the following exceptions. In the placebo-controlled portions of the clinical trials in Ps subjects, adalimumab-treated subjects had a higher incidence of arthralgia when compared to controls (3% vs. 1%).

Hidradenitis Suppurativa Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 727 subjects with hidradenitis suppurativa (HS) in three placebo-controlled studies and one open-label extension study [see Clinical Studies (14.10)]. The safety profile for subjects with HS treated with adalimumab weekly was consistent with the known safety profile of adalimumab.

Flare of HS, defined as ≥25% increase from baseline in abscesses and inflammatory nodule counts and with a minimum of 2 additional lesions, was documented in 22 (22%) of the 100 subjects who were withdrawn from adalimumab treatment following the primary efficacy timepoint in two studies.

Uveitis Clinical Studies

Adalimumab has been studied in 464 adult patients with uveitis (UV) in placebo-controlled and open-label extension studies [see Clinical Study ( 14.11)] . The safety profile for patients with UV treated with adalimumab was similar to the safety profile seen in patients with RA.

6.2 Immunogenicity

The observed incidence of anti-drug antibodies is highly dependent on the sensitivity and specificity of the assay. Differences in assay methods preclude meaningful comparisons of the incidence of anti-drug antibodies in the studies described below with the incidence of anti-drug antibodies in other studies, including those of adalimumab or of other adalimumab products.

There are 2 assays that have been used to measure anti-adalimumab antibodies. With the ELISA, antibodies to adalimumab could be detected only when serum adalimumab concentrations were < 2 mcg/mL. The ECL assay can detect anti-adalimumab antibody titers independent of adalimumab concentrations in the serum samples. The incidence of anti-adalimumab antibody (AAA) development in patients treated with adalimumab are presented in Table 2.

  •   Table 2: Anti-Adalimumab Antibody Development Determined by ELISA and ECL Assay in Patients Treated with adalimumab

Indications

Study Duration

Anti-Adalimumab Antibody Incidence by ELISA (n/N)

Anti-Adalimumab Antibody Incidence by ECL Assay (n/N)

In all patients who received adalimumab

In patients with serum adalimumab concentrations < 2 mcg/mL

Rheumatoid ArthritisIn patients receiving concomitant methotrexate (MTX), the incidence of anti-adalimumab antibody was 1% compared to 12% with adalimumab monotherapy.

6 to 12 months

5% (58/1062)

NR

NA

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis (JIA)

4 to 17 years of ageIn patients receiving concomitant MTX, the incidence of anti-adalimumab antibody was 6% compared to 26% with adalimumab monotherapy.

48 weeks

16% (27/171)

NR

NA

2 to 4 years of age or ≥ 4 years of age and weighing < 15 kg

24 weeks

7% (1/15)This patient received concomitant MTX.

NR

NA

Psoriatic ArthritisIn patients receiving concomitant MTX, the incidence of antibody development was 7% compared to 1% in RA.

48 weeksSubjects enrolled after completing 2 previous studies of 24 weeks or 12 weeks of treatments.

13% (24/178)

NR

NA

Ankylosing Spondylitis

24 weeks

9% (16/185)

NR

NA

Adult Crohn’s Disease

56 weeks

3% (7/269)

8% (7/86)

NA

Pediatric Crohn’s Disease

52 weeks

3% (6/182)

10% (6/58)

NA

Adult Ulcerative Colitis

52 weeks

5% (19/360)

21% (19/92)

NA

Plaque PsoriasisIn plaque psoriasis patients who were on adalimumab monotherapy and subsequently withdrawn from the treatment, the rate of antibodies to adalimumab after retreatment was similar to the rate observed prior to withdrawal.

Up to 52 weeksOne 12-week Phase 2 study and one 52-week Phase 3 study.

8% (77/920)

21% (77/372)

NA

Hidradenitis Suppurativa

36 weeks

7% (30/461)

28% (58/207)Among subjects in the 2 Phase 3 studies who stopped adalimumab treatment for up to 24 weeks and in whom adalimumab serum levels subsequently declined to <2 mcg/mL (approximately 22% of total subjects studied)

61% (272/445)No apparent association between antibody development and safety was observed

Non-infectious Uveitis

52 weeks

5% (12/249)

21% (12/57)

40% (99/249)No correlation of antibody development to safety or efficacy outcomes was observed

  •  n: number of patients with anti-adalimumab antibody; NR: not reported; NA: Not applicable (not performed)

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Psoriatic Arthritis: Patients in Studies RA-I, RA-II, and RA-III were tested at multiple time points for antibodies to adalimumab using the ELISA during the 6 to 12 month period. No apparent correlation of antibody development to adverse reactions was observed. With monotherapy, patients receiving every other week dosing may develop antibodies more frequently than those receiving weekly dosing. In patients receiving the recommended dosage of 40 mg every other week as monotherapy, the ACR 20 response was lower among antibody-positive patients than among antibody-negative patients. The long-term immunogenicity of adalimumab products is unknown.

6.3 Postmarketing Experience

The following adverse reactions have been identified during post-approval use of adalimumab products. Because these reactions are reported voluntarily from a population of uncertain size, it is not always possible to reliably estimate their frequency or establish a causal relationship to adalimumab products exposure.

Gastrointestinal disorders: Diverticulitis, large bowel perforations including perforations associated with diverticulitis and appendiceal perforations associated with appendicitis, pancreatitis

General disorders and administration site conditions: Pyrexia

Hepato-biliary disorders: Liver failure, hepatitis

Immune system disorders: Sarcoidosis

Neoplasms benign, malignant and unspecified (including cysts and polyps): Merkel Cell Carcinoma (neuroendocrine carcinoma of the skin)

Nervous system disorders: Demyelinating disorders (e.g., optic neuritis, Guillain-Barré syndrome), cerebrovascular accident

Respiratory disorders: Interstitial lung disease, including pulmonary fibrosis, pulmonary embolism

Skin reactions: Stevens Johnson Syndrome, cutaneous vasculitis, erythema multiforme, new or worsening psoriasis (all sub-types including pustular and palmoplantar), alopecia, lichenoid skin reaction

Vascular disorders: Systemic vasculitis, deep vein thrombosis

7 DRUG INTERACTIONS

  • Abatacept: Increased risk of serious infection (5.1, 5.11, 7.2)
  • Anakinra: Increased risk of serious infection (5.1, 5.7, 7.2)
  • Live vaccines: Avoid use with HYRIMOZ (5.10, 7.3)
  •   * Biosimilar means that the biological product is approved based on data demonstrating that it is highly similar to an FDA-approved biological product known as a reference product, and that there are no clinically meaningful differences between the biosimilar product and the reference product. Biosimilarity of HYRIMOZ has been demonstrated for the condition(s) of use (e.g. indication(s), dosing regimen(s)), strength(s), dosage form(s), and route(s) of administration described in its Full Prescribing Information.

7.1 Methotrexate

Adalimumab has been studied in rheumatoid arthritis (RA) patients taking concomitant methotrexate (MTX). Although MTX reduced the apparent adalimumab clearance, the data do not suggest the need for dose adjustment of either HYRIMOZ or MTX [see Clinical Pharmacology (12.3)].

7.2 Biological Products

In clinical studies in patients with RA, an increased risk of serious infections has been observed with the combination of TNF-blockers with anakinra or abatacept, with no added benefit; therefore, use of HYRIMOZ with abatacept or anakinra is not recommended in patients with RA [see Warnings and Precautions (5.7, 5.11)]. A higher rate of serious infections has also been observed in patients with RA treated with rituximab who received subsequent treatment with a TNF-blocker. There is insufficient information regarding the concomitant use of HYRIMOZ and other biologic products for the treatment of RA, PsA, AS, CD, UC, Ps, HS and UV. Concomitant administration of HYRIMOZ with other biologic DMARDS (e.g., anakinra and abatacept) or other TNF-blockers is not recommended based upon the possible increased risk for infections and other potential pharmacological interactions.

7.3 Live Vaccines

Avoid the use of live vaccines with HYRIMOZ [see Warnings and Precautions (5.10)].

7.4 Cytochrome P450 Substrates

The formation of CYP450 enzymes may be suppressed by increased concentrations of cytokines (e.g., TNFα, IL-6) during chronic inflammation. It is possible for products that antagonize cytokine activity, such as adalimumab products, to influence the formation of CYP450 enzymes. Upon initiation or discontinuation of HYRIMOZ in patients being treated with CYP450 substrates with a narrow therapeutic index, monitoring of the effect (e.g., warfarin) or drug concentration (e.g., cyclosporine or theophylline) is recommended and the individual dose of the drug product may be adjusted as needed.

8 USE IN SPECIFIC POPULATIONS

8.1 Pregnancy

Risk Summary

Available studies with use of adalimumab during pregnancy do not reliably establish an association between adalimumab and major birth defects. Clinical data are available from the Organization of Teratology Information Specialists (OTIS)/MotherToBaby Pregnancy Registry in pregnant women with rheumatoid arthritis (RA) or Crohn’s disease (CD) treated with adalimumab. Registry results showed a rate of 10% for major birth defects with first trimester use of adalimumab in pregnant women with RA or CD and a rate of 7.5% for major birth defects in the disease-matched comparison cohort. The lack of pattern of major birth defects is reassuring and differences between exposure groups may have impacted the occurrence of birth defects (see Data).

Adalimumab is actively transferred across the placenta during the third trimester of pregnancy and may affect immune response in the in-utero exposed infant (see Clinical Considerations). In an embryo-fetal perinatal development study conducted in cynomolgus monkeys, no fetal harm or malformations were observed with intravenous administration of adalimumab during organogenesis and later in gestation, at doses that produced exposures up to approximately 373 times the maximum recommended human dose (MRHD) of 40 mg subcutaneous without methotrexate (see Data).

The estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage for the indicated populations is unknown. All pregnancies have a background risk of birth defect, loss, or other adverse outcomes. In the U.S. general population, the estimated background risk of major birth defects and miscarriage in clinically recognized pregnancies is 2-4% and 15-20%, respectively.

Clinical Considerations

Disease-associated maternal and embryo/fetal risk

Published data suggest that the risk of adverse pregnancy outcomes in women with RA or inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) is associated with increased disease activity. Adverse pregnancy outcomes include preterm delivery (before 37 weeks of gestation), low birth weight (less than 2500 g) infants, and small for gestational age at birth.

Fetal/Neonatal Adverse Reactions

Monoclonal antibodies are increasingly transported across the placenta as pregnancy progresses, with the largest amount transferred during the third trimester (see Data). Risks and benefits should be considered prior to administering live or live-attenuated vaccines to infants exposed to adalimumab products in utero [see Use in Specific Populations (8.4)].

Data

Human Data

A prospective cohort pregnancy exposure registry conducted by OTIS/MotherToBaby in the U.S. and Canada between 2004 and 2016 compared the risk of major birth defects in live-born infants of 221 women (69 RA, 152 CD) treated with adalimumab during the first trimester and 106 women (74 RA, 32 CD) not treated with adalimumab.

The proportion of major birth defects among live-born infants in the adalimumab-treated and untreated cohorts was 10% (8.7% RA, 10.5% CD) and 7.5% (6.8% RA, 9.4% CD), respectively. The lack of pattern of major birth defects is reassuring and differences between exposure groups may have impacted the occurrence of birth defects. This study cannot reliably establish whether there is an association between adalimumab and major birth defects because of methodological limitations of the registry, including small sample size, the voluntary nature of the study, and the non-randomized design.

In an independent clinical study conducted in ten pregnant women with IBD treated with adalimumab, adalimumab concentrations were measured in maternal serum as well as in cord blood (n=10) and infant serum (n=8) on the day of birth. The last dose of adalimumab was given between 1 and 56 days prior to delivery. Adalimumab concentrations were 0.16 to 19.7 mcg/mL in cord blood, 4.28 to 17.7 mcg/mL in infant serum, and 0 to 16.1 mcg/mL in maternal serum. In all but 1 case, the cord blood concentration of adalimumab was higher than the maternal serum concentration, suggesting adalimumab actively crosses the placenta. In addition, one infant had serum concentrations at each of the following: 6 weeks (1.94 mcg/mL), 7 weeks (1.31 mcg/mL), 8 weeks (0.93 mcg/mL), and 11 weeks (0.53 mcg/mL), suggesting adalimumab can be detected in the serum of infants exposed in utero for at least 3 months from birth.

Animal Data

In an embryo-fetal perinatal development study, pregnant cynomolgus monkeys received adalimumab from gestation days 20 to 97 at doses that produced exposures up to 373 times that achieved with the MRHD without methotrexate (on an AUC basis with maternal IV doses up to 100 mg/kg/week). Adalimumab did not elicit harm to the fetuses or malformations.

8.2 Lactation

Risk Summary

Limited data from case reports in the published literature describe the presence of adalimumab in human milk at infant doses of 0.1% to 1% of the maternal serum concentration. Published data suggest that the systemic exposure to a breastfed infant is expected to be low because adalimumab is a large molecule and is degraded in the gastrointestinal tract. However, the effects of local exposure in the gastrointestinal tract are unknown. There are no reports of adverse effects of adalimumab products on the breastfed infant and no effects on milk production. The developmental and health benefits of breastfeeding should be considered along with the mother’s clinical need for HYRIMOZ and any potential adverse effects on the breastfed child from HYRIMOZ or from the underlying maternal condition.

8.4 Pediatric Use

The safety and effectiveness of HYRIMOZ have been established for:

  • reducing signs and symptoms of moderately to severely active polyarticular JIA in pediatric patients 2 years of age and older.
  • the treatment of moderately to severely active Crohn’s Disease in pediatric patients 6 years of age and older.

Pediatric assessments for HYRIMOZ demonstrate that HYRIMOZ is safe and effective for pediatric patients in indications for which HUMIRA (adalimumab) is approved. However, HYRIMOZ is not approved for such indications due to marketing exclusivity for HUMIRA (adalimumab).

Due to their inhibition of TNFα, adalimumab products administered during pregnancy could affect immune response in the in utero-exposed newborn and infant. Data from eight infants exposed to adalimumab in utero suggest adalimumab crosses the placenta [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1)]. The clinical significance of elevated adalimumab concentrations in infants is unknown. The safety of administering live or live-attenuated vaccines in exposed infants is unknown. Risks and benefits should be considered prior to vaccinating (live or live-attenuated) exposed infants.

Post-marketing cases of lymphoma, including hepatosplenic T-cell lymphoma and other malignancies, some fatal, have been reported among children, adolescents, and young adults who received treatment with TNF-blockers including adalimumab products [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)].

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

In Study JIA-I, adalimumab was shown to reduce signs and symptoms of active polyarticular JIA in patients 4 to 17 years of age [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. In Study JIA-II, the safety profile for patients 2 to <4 years of age was similar to the safety profile for patients 4 to 17 years of age with polyarticular JIA [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)]. Adalimumab products have not been studied in patients with polyarticular JIA less than 2 years of age or in patients with a weight below 10 kg.

The safety of adalimumab in patients in the polyarticular JIA trials was generally similar to that observed in adults with certain exceptions [see Adverse Reactions (6.1)].

The safety and effectiveness of HYRIMOZ have not been established in pediatric patients with JIA less than 2 years of age.

Pediatric Crohn’s Disease

The safety and effectiveness of HYRIMOZ for the treatment of moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease have been established in pediatric patients 6 years of age and older. Use of HYRIMOZ for this indication is supported by evidence from adequate and well-controlled studies in adults with additional data from a randomized, double-blind, 52-week clinical study of two dose concentrations of adalimumab in 192 pediatric patients (6 years to 17 years of age) [see Adverse Reactions (6.1 ), Clinical Pharmacology (12.2, 12.3), Clinical Studies (14.6)]. The adverse reaction profile in patients 6 years to 17 years of age was similar to adults.

The safety and effectiveness of HYRIMOZ have not been established in pediatric patients with Crohn’s disease less than 6 years of age.

8.5 Geriatric Use

A total of 519 RA patients 65 years of age and older, including 107 patients 75 years of age and older, received adalimumab in clinical studies RA-I through IV. No overall difference in effectiveness was observed between these patients and younger patients. The frequency of serious infection and malignancy among adalimumab treated patients 65 years of age and older was higher than for those less than 65 years of age. Consider the benefits and risks of HYRIMOZ in patients 65 years of age and older. In patients treated with HYRIMOZ, closely monitor for the development of infection or malignancy [see Warnings and Precautions (5.1, 5.2)].

10 OVERDOSAGE

Doses up to 10 mg/kg have been administered to patients in clinical trials without evidence of dose-limiting toxicities. In case of overdosage, it is recommended that the patient be monitored for any signs or symptoms of adverse reactions or effects and appropriate symptomatic treatment instituted immediately.

11 DESCRIPTION

Adalimumab-adaz is a tumor necrosis factor blocker. Adalimumab-adaz is a recombinant human IgG1 monoclonal antibody with human derived heavy and light chain variable regions and human IgG1:k constant regions. Adalimumab-adaz is produced by recombinant DNA technology in a Chinese hamster ovary cell expression system and is purified by a process that includes specific viral inactivation and removal steps. It consists of 1330 amino acids and has a molecular weight of approximately 148 kilodaltons.

HYRIMOZ (adalimumab-adaz) injection is supplied as a sterile, preservative-free solution for subcutaneous administration. The drug product is supplied as either a single-dose, prefilled pen (Sensoready Pen), as a single-dose, prefilled 1 mL glass syringe with needle guard and add-on finger flange or as a single-dose, prefilled 1 mL glass syringe. Enclosed within the Pen is a single-dose, 1 mL prefilled glass syringe. The solution of HYRIMOZ is clear, colorless or slightly yellowish, with a pH of about 5.2.

Each 80 mg/0.8 mL prefilled Sensoready Pen or prefilled syringe with BD UltraSafe PassiveTM Needle Guard delivers 0.8 mL (80 mg) of drug product. Each 0.8 mL of HYRIMOZ contains adalimumab-adaz (80 mg), adipic acid (1.75 mg), mannitol (33.6 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.32 mg), and Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are added as necessary to adjust pH.

Each 40 mg/0.4 mL prefilled Sensoready Pen or prefilled syringe with BD UltraSafe PassiveTM Needle Guard delivers 0.4 mL (40 mg) of drug product. Each 0.4 mL of HYRIMOZ contains adalimumab-adaz (40 mg), adipic acid (0.88 mg), mannitol (16.8 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.16 mg) and Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are added as necessary to adjust pH.

Each 40 mg/0.8 mL prefilled Sensoready Pen or prefilled syringe with BD UltraSafe PassiveTM Needle Guard delivers 0.8 mL (40 mg) of drug product. Each 0.8 mL of HYRIMOZ contains adalimumab-adaz (40 mg), adipic acid (2.69 mg), citric acid monohydrate (0.206 mg), mannitol (9.6 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.8 mg), sodium chloride (4.93 mg), and Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are added as necessary to adjust pH.

Each 20 mg/0.4 mL prefilled syringe with BD UltraSafe PassiveTM Needle Guard delivers 0.4 mL (20 mg) of drug product. Each 0.4 mL of HYRIMOZ contains adalimumab-adaz (20 mg), adipic acid (1.34 mg), citric acid monohydrate (0.103 mg), mannitol (4.8 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.4 mg), sodium chloride (2.46 mg), and Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are added as necessary to adjust pH.

Each 20 mg/0.2 mL prefilled syringe delivers 0.2 mL (20 mg) of drug product. Each 0.2 mL of HYRIMOZ contains adalimumab-adaz (20 mg), adipic acid (0.44 mg), mannitol (8.4 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.08 mg) and Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are added as necessary to adjust pH.

Each 10 mg/0.1 mL prefilled syringe delivers 0.1 mL (10 mg) of drug product. Each 0.1 mL of HYRIMOZ contains adalimumab-adaz (10 mg), adipic acid (0.22 mg), mannitol (4.2 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.04 mg) and Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are added as necessary to adjust pH.

Each 10 mg/0.2 mL prefilled syringe delivers 0.2 mL (10 mg) of drug product. Each 0.2 mL of HYRIMOZ contains adalimumab-adaz (10 mg), adipic acid (0.67 mg), citric acid monohydrate (0.051 mg), mannitol (2.4 mg), polysorbate 80 (0.2 mg), sodium chloride (1.23 mg), and Water for Injection, USP. Hydrochloric acid and sodium hydroxide are added as necessary to adjust pH.

12 CLINICAL PHARMACOLOGY

12.1 Mechanism of Action

Adalimumab products bind specifically to TNF-alpha and block its interaction with the p55 and p75 cell surface TNF receptors. Adalimumab products also lyse surface TNF expressing cells in vitro in the presence of complement. Adalimumab products do not bind or inactivate lymphotoxin (TNF-beta). TNF is a naturally occurring cytokine that is involved in normal inflammatory and immune responses. Elevated concentrations of TNF are found in the synovial fluid of patients with RA, JIA, PsA, and AS and play an important role in both the pathologic inflammation and the joint destruction that are hallmarks of these diseases. Increased concentrations of TNF are also found in psoriasis plaques. In Ps, treatment with HYRIMOZ may reduce the epidermal thickness and infiltration of inflammatory cells. The relationship between these pharmacodynamic activities and the mechanism(s) by which adalimumab products exert their clinical effects is unknown.

Adalimumab products also modulate biological responses that are induced or regulated by TNF, including changes in the concentrations of adhesion molecules responsible for leukocyte migration (ELAM-1, VCAM-1, and ICAM-1 with an IC50 of 1-2 X 10-10M).

12.2 Pharmacodynamics

After treatment with adalimumab, a decrease in concentrations of acute phase reactants of inflammation (C-reactive protein [CRP] and erythrocyte sedimentation rate [ESR]) and serum cytokines (IL-6) was observed compared to baseline in patients with rheumatoid arthritis. A decrease in CRP concentrations was also observed in patients with Crohn’s disease, ulcerative colitis and hidradenitis suppurativa. Serum concentrations of matrix metalloproteinases (MMP-1 and MMP-3) that produce tissue remodeling responsible for cartilage destruction were also decreased after adalimumab administration.

12.3 Pharmacokinetics

The pharmacokinetics of adalimumab were linear over the dose range of 0.5 to 10 mg/kg following administration of a single intravenous dose (adalimumab products are not approved for intravenous use). Following 20 mg, 40 mg, and 80 mg every other week and every week subcutaneous administration, adalimumab mean serum trough concentrations at steady state increased approximately proportionally with dose in RA patients. The mean terminal half-life was approximately 2 weeks, ranging from 10 to 20 days across studies. Healthy subjects and patients with RA displayed similar adalimumab pharmacokinetics.

Adalimumab exposure in patients treated with 80 mg every other week is estimated to be comparable with that in patients treated with 40 mg every week.

Absorption

The average absolute bioavailability of adalimumab following a single 40 mg subcutaneous dose was 64%. The mean time to reach the maximum concentration was 5.5 days (131 ± 56 hours) and the maximum serum concentration was 4.7 ± 1.6 mcg/mL in healthy subjects following a single 40 mg subcutaneous administration of adalimumab.

Distribution

The distribution volume (Vss) ranged from 4.7 to 6.0 L following intravenous administration of doses ranging from 0.25 to 10 mg/kg in RA patients.

Elimination

The single dose pharmacokinetics of adalimumab in RA patients were determined in several studies with intravenous doses ranging from 0.25 to 10 mg/kg. The systemic clearance of adalimumab is approximately 12 mL/hr. In long-term studies with dosing more than two years, there was no evidence of changes in clearance over time in RA patients.

Patient Population

Rheumatoid Arthritis and Ankylosing Spondylitis: In patients receiving 40 mg adalimumab every other week, adalimumab mean steady-state trough concentrations were approximately 5 mcg/mL and 8 to 9 mcg/mL, without and with MTX concomitant treatment, respectively. Adalimumab concentrations in the synovial fluid from five rheumatoid arthritis patients ranged from 31 to 96% of those in serum. The pharmacokinetics of adalimumab in patients with AS were similar to those in patients with RA.

Psoriatic Arthritis: In patients receiving 40 mg every other week, adalimumab mean steady-state trough concentrations were 6 to 10 mcg/mL and 8.5 to 12 mcg/mL, without and with MTX concomitant treatment, respectively.

Plaque Psoriasis: Adalimumab mean steady-state trough concentration was approximately 5 to 6 mcg/mL during adalimumab 40 mg every other week treatment.

Adult Uveitis: Adalimumab mean steady concentration was approximately 8 to 10 mcg/mL during adalimumab 40 mg every other week treatment.

Adult Hidradenitis Suppurativa: Adalimumab trough concentrations were approximately 7 to 8 mcg/mL at Week 2 and Week 4, respectively, after receiving 160 mg on Week 0 followed by 80 mg on Week 2. Mean steady-state trough concentrations at Week 12 through Week 36 were approximately 7 to 11 mcg/mL during adalimumab 40 mg every week treatment.

Adult Crohn’s Disease: Adalimumab mean trough concentrations were approximately 12 mcg/mL at Week 2 and Week 4 after receiving 160 mg on Week 0 followed by 80 mg on Week 2. Mean steady-state trough concentrations were 7 mcg/mL at Week 24 and Week 56 during adalimumab 40 mg every other week treatment.

Adult Ulcerative Colitis: Adalimumab mean trough concentrations were approximately 12 mcg/mL at Week 2 and Week 4 after receiving 160 mg on Week 0 followed by 80 mg on Week 2. Mean steady-state trough concentrations were approximately 8 mcg/mL and 15 mcg/mL at Week 52 after receiving a dose of adalimumab 40 mg every other week and 40 mg every week, respectively.

Anti-Drug Antibody Effects on Pharmacokinetics

Rheumatoid Arthritis: A trend toward higher apparent clearance of adalimumab in the presence of anti-adalimumab antibodies was identified.

Hidradenitis Suppurativa: In subjects with moderate to severe HS, antibodies to adalimumab were associated with reduced serum adalimumab concentrations. In general, the extent of reduction in serum adalimumab concentrations is greater with increasing titers of antibodies to adalimumab.

Specific Populations

Geriatric Patients: A lower clearance with increasing age was observed in patients with RA aged 40 to >75 years.

Pediatric Patients:

Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis:

  • 4 years to 17 years of age: The adalimumab mean steady-state trough concentrations were 6.8 mcg/mL and 10.9 mcg/mL in patients weighing <30 kg receiving 20 mg adalimumab subcutaneously every other week as monotherapy or with concomitant MTX, respectively. The adalimumab mean steady-state trough concentrations were 6.6 mcg/mL and 8.1 mcg/mL in patients weighing ≥30 kg receiving 40 mg adalimumab subcutaneously every other week as monotherapy or with MTX concomitant treatment, respectively.
  • 2 years to <4 years of age or 4 years of age and older weighing <15 kg: The adalimumab mean steady-state trough adalimumab concentrations were 6.0 mcg/mL and 7.9 mcg/mL in patients receiving adalimumab subcutaneously every other week as monotherapy or with MTX concomitant treatment, respectively.

Pediatric Crohn's Disease: Adalimumab mean ± SD concentrations were 15.7±6.5 mcg/mL at Week 4 following 160 mg at Week 0 and 80 mg at Week 2, and 10.5±6.0 mcg/mL at Week 52 following 40 mg every other week dosing in patients weighing ≥ 40 kg. Adalimumab mean ± SD concentrations were 10.6±6.1 mcg/mL at Week 4 following dosing 80 mg at Week 0 and 40 mg at Week 2, and 6.9±3.6 mcg/mL at Week 52 following 20 mg every other week dosing in patients weighing < 40 kg.

Male and Female Patients: No gender-related pharmacokinetic differences were observed after correction for a patient’s body weight. Healthy subjects and patients with rheumatoid arthritis displayed similar adalimumab pharmacokinetics.

Patients with Renal or Hepatic Impairment: No pharmacokinetic data are available in patients with hepatic or renal impairment.

Rheumatoid factor or CRP concentrations: Minor increases in apparent clearance were predicted in RA patients receiving doses lower than the recommended dose and in RA patients with high rheumatoid factor or CRP concentrations. These increases are not likely to be clinically important.

Drug Interaction Studies:

Methotrexate: MTX reduced adalimumab apparent clearance after single and multiple dosing by 29% and 44% respectively, in patients with RA [see Drug Interactions (7.1)].

13 NONCLINICAL TOXICOLOGY

13.1 Carcinogenesis, Mutagenesis, Impairment of Fertility

Long-term animal studies of adalimumab products have not been conducted to evaluate the carcinogenic potential or its effect on fertility.

14 CLINICAL STUDIES

14.1 Rheumatoid Arthritis

The efficacy and safety of adalimumab were assessed in 5 randomized, double-blind studies in patients ≥18 years of age with active rheumatoid arthritis (RA) diagnosed according to American College of Rheumatology (ACR) criteria. Patients had at least 6 swollen and 9 tender joints. Adalimumab was administered subcutaneously in combination with methotrexate (MTX) (12.5 to 25 mg, Studies RA-I, RA-III and RA-V) or as monotherapy (Studies RA-II and RA-V) or with other disease-modifying anti-rheumatic drugs (DMARDs) (Study RA-IV).

Study RA-I evaluated 271 patients who had failed therapy with at least one but no more than four DMARDs and had inadequate response to MTX. Doses of 20, 40 or 80 mg of adalimumab or placebo were given every other week for 24 weeks.

Study RA-II evaluated 544 patients who had failed therapy with at least one DMARD. Doses of placebo, 20 mg or 40 mg of adalimumab were given as monotherapy every other week or weekly for 26 weeks.

Study RA-III evaluated 619 patients who had an inadequate response to MTX. Patients received placebo, 40 mg of adalimumab every other week with placebo injections on alternate weeks, or 20 mg of adalimumab weekly for up to 52 weeks. Study RA-III had an additional primary endpoint at 52 weeks of inhibition of disease progression (as detected by X-ray results). Upon completion of the first 52 weeks, 457 patients enrolled in an open-label extension phase in which 40 mg of adalimumab was administered every other week for up to 5 years.

Study RA-IV assessed safety in 636 patients who were either DMARD-naive or were permitted to remain on their pre-existing rheumatologic therapy provided that therapy was stable for a minimum of 28 days. Patients were randomized to 40 mg of adalimumab or placebo every other week for 24 weeks.

Study RA-V evaluated 799 patients with moderately to severely active RA of less than 3 years duration who were ≥18 years old and MTX naïve. Patients were randomized to receive either MTX (optimized to 20 mg/week by Week 8), adalimumab 40 mg every other week or adalimumab/MTX combination therapy for 104 weeks. Patients were evaluated for signs and symptoms, and for radiographic progression of joint damage. The median disease duration among patients enrolled in the study was 5 months. The median MTX dose achieved was 20 mg.

Clinical Response

The percent of adalimumab treated patients achieving ACR 20, 50 and 70 responses in Studies RA-II and III are shown in Table 3.

Table 3. ACR Responses in Studies RA-II and RA-III (Percent of Patients)

 

Study RA-II
Monotherapy
(26 weeks)

Study RA-III
Methotrexate Combination
(24 and 52 weeks)

Response

 

 

 

Placebo

Adalimumab

Adalimumab

Placebo/MTX

Adalimumab/MTX

 

 

40 mg every

 other week

40 mg weekly

 

 

 

40 mg every

other week

N=110

N=113

N=103

N=200

N=207

ACR20

 

 

 

 

 

Month 6

19%

46%*

53%*

30%

63%*

Month 12

NA

NA

NA

24%

59%*

ACR50

 

 

 

 

 

Month 6

8%

22%*

35%*

10%

39%*

Month 12

NA

NA

NA

10%

42%*

ACR70

 

 

 

 

 

Month 6

2%

12%*

18%*

3%

21%*

Month 12

NA

NA

NA

5%

23%*

* p<0.01, adalimumab vs. placebo

The results of Study RA-I were similar to Study RA-III; patients receiving adalimumab 40 mg every other week in Study RA-I also achieved ACR 20, 50 and 70 response rates of 65%, 52% and 24%, respectively, compared to placebo responses of 13%, 7% and 3% respectively, at 6 months (p<0.01).

The results of the components of the ACR response criteria for Studies RA-II and RA-III are shown in Table 4. ACR response rates and improvement in all components of ACR response were maintained to Week 104. Over the 2 years in Study RA-III, 20% of adalimumab patients receiving 40 mg every other week achieved a major clinical response, defined as maintenance of an ACR 70 response over a 6-month period. ACR responses were maintained in similar proportions of patients for up to 5 years with continuous adalimumab treatment in the open-label portion of Study RA-III.

Table 4. Components of ACR Response in Studies RA-II and RA-III

 

Study RA-II

Study RA-III

Parameter (median)

Placebo
N=110

Adalimumaba
N=113

Placebo/MTX
N=200

Adalimumaba/MTX
N=207

 

Baseline

Wk 26

Baseline

Wk 26

Baseline

Wk 24

Baseline

Wk 24

Number of tender joints (0-68)

35

26

31

16*

26

15

24

8*

Number of swollen joints (0-66)

19

16

18

10*

17

11

18

5*

Physician global assessmentb

7.0

6.1

6.6

3.7*

6.3

3.5

6.5

2.0*

Patient global assessmentb

7.5

6.3

7.5

4.5*

5.4

3.9

5.2

2.0*

Painb

7.3

6.1

7.3

4.1*

6.0

3.8

5.8

2.1*

Disability index (HAQ)c

2.0

1.9

1.9

1.5*

1.5

1.3

1.5

0.8*

CRP (mg/dL)

3.9

4.3

4.6

1.8*

1.0

0.9

1.0

0.4*

a 40 mg adalimumab administered every other week.
b Visual analogue scale; 0 = best, 10 = worst.
c Disability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire; 0 = best, 3 = worst, measures the patient’s ability to perform the following: dress/groom, arise, eat, walk, reach, grip, maintain hygiene, and maintain daily activity.
* p<0.001, adalimumab vs. placebo, based on mean change from baseline.

The time course of ACR 20 response for Study RA-III is shown in Figure 1.

In Study RA-III, 85% of patients with ACR 20 responses at Week 24 maintained the response at 52 weeks. The time course of ACR 20 response for Study RA-I and Study RA-II were similar.

Figure 1. Study RA-III ACR 20 Responses over 52 Weeks

Fig 1

In Study RA-IV, 53% of patients treated with adalimumab 40 mg every other week plus standard of care had an ACR 20 response at Week 24 compared to 35% on placebo plus standard of care (p<0.001). No unique adverse reactions related to the combination of adalimumab and other DMARDs were observed.

In Study RA-V with MTX naïve patients with recent onset RA, the combination treatment with adalimumab plus MTX led to greater percentages of patients achieving ACR responses than either MTX monotherapy or adalimumab monotherapy at Week 52 and responses were sustained at Week 104 (see Table 5).

Table 5. ACR Response in Study RA-V (Percent of Patients)

Response

MTXb
N=257

Adalimumabc
N=274

Adalimumab/MTX
N=268

ACR 20
    Week 52
    Week 104


63%
56%


54%
49%


73%
69%

ACR 50
    Week 52
    Week 104


46%
43%


41%
37%


62%
59%

ACR 70
    Week 52
    Week 104


27%
28%


26%
28%


46%
47%

Major Clinical Response a

28%

25%

49%

a Major clinical response is defined as achieving an ACR 70 response for a continuous six month period.
b p<0.05, adalimumab/MTX vs. MTX for ACR 20.
p<0.001, adalimumab/MTX vs. MTX for ACR 50 and 70, and Major Clinical Response.
c p<0.001, adalimumab/MTX vs. adalimumab.

At Week 52, all individual components of the ACR response criteria for Study RA-V improved in the adalimumab/MTX group and improvements were maintained to Week 104.

Radiographic Response

In Study RA-III, structural joint damage was assessed radiographically and expressed as change in Total Sharp Score (TSS) and its components, the erosion score and Joint Space Narrowing (JSN) score, at Month 12 compared to baseline. At baseline, the median TSS was approximately 55 in the placebo and 40 mg every other week groups. The results are shown in Table 6. Adalimumab/MTX treated patients demonstrated less radiographic progression than patients receiving MTX alone at 52 weeks.

Table 6. Radiographic Mean Changes Over 12 Months in Study RA-III

 

Placebo/MTX

Adalimumab/MTX
40 mg every
other week

Placebo/MTX-
Adalimumab/MTX (95% Confidence
Interval*)

P-value**

Total Sharp score

2.7

0.1

2.6 (1.4, 3.8)

<0.001

Erosion score

1.6

0.0

1.6 (0.9, 2.2)

<0.001

JSN score

1.0

0.1

0.9 (0.3, 1.4)

0.002

*95% confidence intervals for the differences in change scores between MTX and adalimumab.
**Based on rank analysis.

In the open-label extension of Study RA-III, 77% of the original patients treated with any dose of adalimumab were evaluated radiographically at 2 years. Patients maintained inhibition of structural damage, as measured by the TSS. 54% had no progression of structural damage as defined by a change in the TSS of zero or less. Fifty-five percent (55%) of patients originally treated with 40 mg adalimumab every other week have been evaluated radiographically at 5 years. Patients had continued inhibition of structural damage with 50% showing no progression of structural damage defined by a change in the TSS of zero or less.

In Study RA-V, structural joint damage was assessed as in Study RA-III. Greater inhibition of radiographic progression, as assessed by changes in TSS, erosion score and JSN was observed in the adalimumab/MTX combination group as compared to either the MTX or adalimumab monotherapy group at Week 52 as well as at Week 104 (see Table 7).

Table 7.  Radiographic Mean Change* in Study RA-V

 

 

MTXa
N=257

Adalimumaba,b
N=274

Adalimumab/MTX
N=268

52 Weeks

Total Sharp score

5.7 (4.2, 7.3)

3.0 (1.7, 4.3)

1.3 (0.5, 2.1)

 

Erosion score

3.7 (2.7, 4.8)

1.7 (1.0, 2.4)

0.8 (0.4, 1.2)

 

JSN score

2.0 (1.2, 2.8)

1.3 (0.5, 2.1)

0.5 (0.0, 1.0)

104 Weeks

Total Sharp score

10.4 (7.7, 13.2)

5.5 (3.6, 7.4)

1.9 (0.9, 2.9)

 

Erosion score

6.4 (4.6, 8.2)

3.0 (2.0, 4.0)

1.0 (0.4, 1.6)

 

JSN score

4.1 (2.7, 5.4)

2.6 (1.5, 3.7)

0.9 (0.3, 1.5)

* mean (95% confidence interval).
a p<0.001, adalimumab/MTX vs. MTX at 52 and 104 weeks and for adalimumab/MTX vs. adalimumab at 104 weeks.
b p<0.01, for adalimumab/MTX vs. adalimumab at 52 weeks.

Physical Function Response

In studies RA-I through IV, adalimumab showed significantly greater improvement than placebo in the disability index of Health Assessment Questionnaire (HAQ-DI) from baseline to the end of study, and significantly greater improvement than placebo in the health-outcomes as assessed by The Short Form Health Survey (SF 36). Improvement was seen in both the Physical Component Summary (PCS) and the Mental Component Summary (MCS).

In Study RA-III, the mean (95% CI) improvement in HAQ-DI from baseline at Week 52 was 0.60 (0.55, 0.65) for the adalimumab patients and 0.25 (0.17, 0.33) for placebo/MTX (p<0.001) patients. Sixty-three percent of adalimumab-treated patients achieved a 0.5 or greater improvement in HAQ-DI at Week 52 in the double-blind portion of the study. Eighty-two percent of these patients maintained that improvement through Week 104 and a similar proportion of patients maintained this response through Week 260 (5 years) of open-label treatment. Mean improvement in the SF-36 was maintained through the end of measurement at Week 156 (3 years).

In Study RA-V, the HAQ-DI and the physical component of the SF-36 showed greater improvement (p<0.001) for the adalimumab/MTX combination therapy group versus either the MTX monotherapy or the adalimumab monotherapy group at Week 52, which was maintained through Week 104.

Fig 1

14.2 Juvenile Idiopathic Arthritis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab was assessed in two studies (Studies JIA-I and JIA-II) in patients with active polyarticular juvenile idiopathic arthritis (JIA).

Study JIA-I

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab were assessed in a multicenter, randomized, withdrawal, double-blind, parallel-group study in 171 patients who were 4 to 17 years of age with polyarticular JIA. In the study, the patients were stratified into two groups: MTX-treated or non-MTX-treated. All patients had to show signs of active moderate or severe disease despite previous treatment with NSAIDs, analgesics, corticosteroids, or DMARDS. Patients who received prior treatment with any biologic DMARDS were excluded from the study.

The study included four phases: an open-label lead in phase (OL-LI; 16 weeks), a double-blind randomized withdrawal phase (DB; 32 weeks), an open-label extension phase (OLE-BSA; up to 136 weeks), and an open-label fixed dose phase (OLE-FD; 16 weeks). In the first three phases of the study, adalimumab was administered based on body surface area at a dose of 24 mg/m2 up to a maximum total body dose of 40 mg subcutaneously (SC) every other week. In the OLE-FD phase, the patients were treated with 20 mg of adalimumab SC every other week if their weight was less than 30 kg and with 40 mg of adalimumab SC every other week if their weight was 30 kg or greater. Patients remained on stable doses of NSAIDs and or prednisone (≤0.2 mg/kg/day or 10 mg/day maximum).

Patients demonstrating a Pediatric ACR 30 response at the end of OL-LI phase were randomized into the double blind (DB) phase of the study and received either adalimumab or placebo every other week for 32 weeks or until disease flare. Disease flare was defined as a worsening of ≥30% from baseline in ≥3 of 6 Pediatric ACR core criteria, ≥2 active joints, and improvement of >30% in no more than 1 of the 6 criteria. After 32 weeks or at the time of disease flare during the DB phase, patients were treated in the open-label extension phase based on the BSA regimen (OLE-BSA), before converting to a fixed dose regimen based on body weight (OLE-FD phase).

Study JIA-I Clinical Response

At the end of the 16-week OL-LI phase, 94% of the patients in the MTX stratum and 74% of the patients in the non-MTX stratum were Pediatric ACR 30 responders. In the DB phase significantly fewer patients who received adalimumab experienced disease flare compared to placebo, both without MTX (43% vs. 71%) and with MTX (37% vs. 65%). More patients treated with adalimumab continued to show pediatric ACR 30/50/70 responses at Week 48 compared to patients treated with placebo. Pediatric ACR responses were maintained for up to two years in the OLE phase in patients who received adalimumab throughout the study.

Study JIA-II

Adalimumab was assessed in an open-label, multicenter study in 32 patients who were 2 to <4 years of age or 4 years of age and older weighing <15 kg with moderately to severely active polyarticular JIA. Most patients (97%) received at least 24 weeks of adalimumab treatment dosed 24 mg/m2 up to a maximum of 20 mg every other week as a single SC injection up to a maximum of 120 weeks duration. During the study, most patients used concomitant MTX, with fewer reporting use of corticosteroids or NSAIDs. The primary objective of the study was evaluation of safety [see Adverse Reactions ( 6.1 )].

14.3 Psoriatic Arthritis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab was assessed in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies in 413 patients with psoriatic arthritis (PsA). Upon completion of both studies, 383 patients enrolled in an open-label extension study, in which 40 mg adalimumab was administered every other week.

Study PsA-I enrolled 313 adult patients with moderately to severely active PsA (>3 swollen and >3 tender joints) who had an inadequate response to NSAID therapy in one of the following forms: (1) distal interphalangeal (DIP) involvement (N=23); (2) polyarticular arthritis (absence of rheumatoid nodules and presence of plaque psoriasis) (N=210); (3) arthritis mutilans (N=1); (4) asymmetric PsA (N=77); or (5) AS-like (N=2). Patients on MTX therapy (158 of 313 patients) at enrollment (stable dose of ≤30 mg/week for >1 month) could continue MTX at the same dose. Doses of adalimumab 40 mg or placebo every other week were administered during the 24-week double-blind period of the study.

Compared to placebo, treatment with adalimumab resulted in improvements in the measures of disease activity (see Table 8 and Table 9). Among patients with PsA who received adalimumab, the clinical responses were apparent in some patients at the time of the first visit (two weeks) and were maintained up to 88 weeks in the ongoing open-label study. Similar responses were seen in patients with each of the subtypes of psoriatic arthritis, although few patients were enrolled with the arthritis mutilans and ankylosing spondylitis-like subtypes. Responses were similar in patients who were or were not receiving concomitant MTX therapy at baseline.

Patients with psoriatic involvement of at least 3% body surface area (BSA) were evaluated for Psoriatic Area and Severity Index (PASI) responses. At 24 weeks, the proportions of patients achieving a 75% or 90% improvement in the PASI were 59% and 42% respectively, in the adalimumab group (N=69), compared to 1% and 0% respectively, in the placebo group (N=69) (p<0.001). PASI responses were apparent in some patients at the time of the first visit (two weeks). Responses were similar in patients who were or were not receiving concomitant MTX therapy at baseline.

Table 8. ACR Response in Study PsA-I (Percent of Patients)

 

Placebo
N=162

Adalimumab*
N=151

ACR 20
    Week 12
    Week 24


14%
15%


58%
57%

ACR 50
    Week 12
    Week 24


4%
6%


36%
39%

ACR 70
    Week 12
    Week 24


1%
1%


20%
23%

*  p<0.001 for all comparisons between adalimumab and placebo.

Table 9. Components of Disease Activity in Study PsA-I

 

Placebo
N=162

Adalimumab*
N=151

Parameter: median

Baseline

24 weeks

Baseline

24 weeks

Number of tender jointsa

23.0

17.0

20.0

5.0

Number of swollen jointsb

11.0

9.0

11.0

3.0

Physician global assessmentc

53.0

49.0

55.0

16.0

Patient global assessmentc

49.5

49.0

48.0

20.0

Painc

49.0

49.0

54.0

20.0

Disability index (HAQ) d

1.0

0.9

1.0

0.4

CRP (mg/dL)e

0.8

0.7

0.8

0.2

*p<0.001 for adalimumab vs. placebo comparisons based on median changes.
aScale 0-78.
bScale 0-76.
cVisual analog scale; 0=best, 100=worst.
dDisability Index of the Health Assessment Questionnaire; 0=best, 3=worst; measures the patient’s ability to perform the following: dress/groom, arise, eat, walk, reach, grip, maintain hygiene, and maintain daily activity.
eNormal range: 0-0.287 mg/dL

Similar results were seen in an additional, 12-week study in 100 patients with moderate to severe psoriatic arthritis who had suboptimal response to DMARD therapy as manifested by ≥3 tender joints and ≥3 swollen joints at enrollment.

Radiographic Response

Radiographic changes were assessed in the PsA studies. Radiographs of hands, wrists, and feet were obtained at baseline and Week 24 during the double-blind period when patients were on adalimumab or placebo and at Week 48 when all patients were on open-label adalimumab. A modified Total Sharp Score (mTSS), which included distal interphalangeal joints (i.e., not identical to the TSS used for rheumatoid arthritis), was used by readers blinded to treatment group to assess the radiographs.

Adalimumab-treated patients demonstrated greater inhibition of radiographic progression compared to placebo-treated patients and this effect was maintained at 48 weeks (see Table 10).

Table 10. Change in Modified Total Sharp Score in Psoriatic Arthritis
  •   Placebo
  •   N=141
  •   Adalimumab N=133
  •  Week 24
  •  Week 24
  •  Week 48
  •  Baseline mean
  •  22.1
  •  23.4
  •  23.4
  •  Mean Change ± SD
  •  0.9 ± 3.1
  •  -0.1 ± 1.7
  •  -0.2 ± 4.9*

* <0.001 for the difference between adalimumab, Week 48 and Placebo, Week 24 (primary analysis).

Physical Function Response

In Study PsA-I, physical function and disability were assessed using the HAQ Disability Index (HAQ-DI) and the SF-36 Health Survey. Patients treated with 40 mg of adalimumab every other week showed greater improvement from baseline in the HAQ-DI score (mean decreases of 47% and 49% at Weeks 12 and 24 respectively) in comparison to placebo (mean decreases of 1% and 3% at Weeks 12 and 24 respectively). At Weeks 12 and 24, patients treated with adalimumab showed greater improvement from baseline in the SF-36 Physical Component Summary score compared to patients treated with placebo, and no worsening in the SF-36 Mental Component Summary score. Improvement in physical function based on the HAQ-DI was maintained for up to 84 weeks through the open-label portion of the study.

14.4 Ankylosing Spondylitis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab 40 mg every other week was assessed in 315 adult patients in a randomized, 24 week double-blind, placebo-controlled study in patients with active ankylosing spondylitis (AS) who had an inadequate response to glucocorticoids, NSAIDs, analgesics, methotrexate or sulfasalazine. Active AS was defined as patients who fulfilled at least two of the following three criteria: (1) a Bath AS disease activity index (BASDAI) score ≥4 cm, (2) a visual analog score (VAS) for total back pain ≥40 mm, and (3) morning stiffness ≥1 hour. The blinded period was followed by an open-label period during which patients received adalimumab 40 mg every other week subcutaneously for up to an additional 28 weeks.

Improvement in measures of disease activity was first observed at Week 2 and maintained through 24 weeks as shown in Figure 2 and Table 11.

Responses of patients with total spinal ankylosis (n=11) were similar to those without total ankylosis.

Figure 2. ASAS 20 Response By Visit, Study AS-I

Fig 2

At 12 weeks, the ASAS 20/50/70 responses were achieved by 58%, 38%, and 23%, respectively, of patients receiving adalimumab, compared to 21%, 10%, and 5% respectively, of patients receiving placebo (p <0.001). Similar responses were seen at Week 24 and were sustained in patients receiving open-label adalimumab for up to 52 weeks.

A greater proportion of patients treated with adalimumab (22%) achieved a low level of disease activity at 24 weeks (defined as a value <20 [on a scale of 0 to 100 mm] in each of the four ASAS response parameters) compared to patients treated with placebo (6%).

Table 11.  Components of Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity

 

Placebo
N=107

Adalimumab
N=208

 

Baseline mean

Week 24 mean

Baseline mean

Week 24 mean

ASAS 20 Response Criteria*

 

 

 

 

     Patient’s Global Assessment of Disease Activitya*

65

60

63

38

     Total back pain*

67

58

65

37

     Inflammationb*

6.7

5.6

6.7

3.6

     BASFIc*

56

51

52

34

BASDAId score*

6.3

5.5

6.3

3.7

BASMIe score*

4.2

4.1

3.8

3.3

     Tragus to wall (cm)

15.9

15.8

15.8

15.4

     Lumbar flexion (cm)

4.1

4.0

4.2

4.4

     Cervical rotation (degrees)

42.2

42.1

48.4

51.6

     Lumbar side flexion (cm)

8.9

9.0

9.7

11.7

     Intermalleolar distance (cm)

92.9

94.0

93.5

100.8

CRPf*

2.2

2.0

1.8

0.6

aPercent of subjects with at least a 20% and 10-unit improvement measured on a Visual Analog Scale (VAS) with 0 = “none” and 100 = “severe”.
bmean of questions 5 and 6 of BASDAI (defined in ‘d’).
cBath Ankylosing Spondylitis Functional Index.
dBath Ankylosing Spondylitis Disease Activity Index.
eBath Ankylosing Spondylitis Metrology Index.
fC-Reactive Protein (mg/dL).
*statistically significant for comparisons between adalimumab and placebo at Week 24.

A second randomized, multicenter, double-blind, placebo-controlled study of 82 patients with ankylosing spondylitis showed similar results.

Patients treated with adalimumab achieved improvement from baseline in the Ankylosing Spondylitis Quality of Life Questionnaire (ASQoL) score (-3.6 vs. -1.1) and in the Short Form Health Survey (SF-36) Physical Component Summary (PCS) score (7.4 vs. 1.9) compared to placebo-treated patients at Week 24.

Fig 2

14.5 Adult Crohn’s Disease

The safety and efficacy of multiple doses of adalimumab were assessed in adult patients with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease, CD, (Crohn’s Disease Activity Index (CDAI) ≥220 and ≤450) in randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled studies. Concomitant stable doses of aminosalicylates, corticosteroids, and/or immunomodulatory agents were permitted, and 79% of patients continued to receive at least one of these medications.

Induction of clinical remission (defined as CDAI <150) was evaluated in two studies. In Study CD-I, 299 TNF-blocker naïve patients were randomized to one of four treatment groups: the placebo group received placebo at Weeks 0 and 2, the 160/80 group received 160 mg adalimumab at Week 0 and 80 mg at Week 2, the 80/40 group received 80 mg at Week 0 and 40 mg at Week 2, and the 40/20 group received 40 mg at Week 0 and 20 mg at Week 2. Clinical results were assessed at Week 4.

In the second induction study, Study CD-II, 325 patients who had lost response to, or were intolerant to, previous infliximab therapy were randomized to receive either 160 mg adalimumab at Week 0 and 80 mg at Week 2, or placebo at Weeks 0 and 2. Clinical results were assessed at Week 4.

Maintenance of clinical remission was evaluated in Study CD-III. In this study, 854 patients with active disease received open-label adalimumab, 80 mg at Week 0 and 40 mg at Week 2. Patients were then randomized at Week 4 to 40 mg adalimumab every other week, 40 mg adalimumab every week, or placebo. The total study duration was 56 weeks. Patients in clinical response (decrease in CDAI ≥70) at Week 4 were stratified and analyzed separately from those not in clinical response at Week 4.

Induction of Clinical Remission

A greater percentage of the patients treated with 160/80 mg adalimumab achieved induction of clinical remission versus placebo at Week 4 regardless of whether the patients were TNF blocker naïve (CD-I), or had lost response to or were intolerant to infliximab (CD-II) (see Table 12).

Table 12. Induction of Clinical Remission in Studies CD-I and CD-II (Percent of Patients)

 

CD-I

CD-II

 

Placebo
N=74

Adalimumab 160/80 mg
N=76

Placebo
N=166

Adalimumab 160/80 mg
N=159

Week 4

 

 

 

 

Clinical remission

12%

36%*

7%

21%*

Clinical response

34%

58%**

34%

52%**

Clinical remission is CDAI score < 150; clinical response is decrease in CDAI of at least 70 points.
* p<0.001 for adalimumab vs. placebo pairwise comparison of proportions.
** p<0.01 for adalimumab vs. placebo pairwise comparison of proportions.

Maintenance of Clinical Remission

In Study CD-III at Week 4, 58% (499/854) of patients were in clinical response and were assessed in the primary analysis. At Weeks 26 and 56, greater proportions of patients who were in clinical response at Week 4 achieved clinical remission in the adalimumab 40 mg every other week maintenance group compared to patients in the placebo maintenance group (see Table 13). The group that received adalimumab therapy every week did not demonstrate significantly higher remission rates compared to the group that received adalimumab every other week.

Table 13. Maintenance of Clinical Remission in CD-III (Percent of Patients)

 

Placebo

40 mg Adalimumab
every other week

 

N=170

N=172

Week 26

 

 

Clinical remission

17%

40%*

Clinical response

28%

54%*

Week 56

 

 

Clinical remission

12%

36%*

Clinical response

18%

43%*

Clinical remission is CDAI score <150; clinical response is decrease in CDAI of at least 70 points.
*p<0.001 for adalimumab vs. placebo pairwise comparisons of proportions.

Of those in response at Week 4 who attained remission during the study, patients in the adalimumab every other week group maintained remission for a longer time than patients in the placebo maintenance group. Among patients who were not in response by Week 12, therapy continued beyond 12 weeks did not result in significantly more responses.

14.6 Pediatric Crohn’s Disease

A randomized, double-blind, 52-week clinical study of 2 dose concentrations of adalimumab (Study PCD-I) was conducted in 192 pediatric patients (6 to 17 years of age) with moderately to severely active Crohn’s disease (defined as Pediatric Crohn’s Disease Activity Index (PCDAI) score > 30). Enrolled patients had over the previous two year period an inadequate response to corticosteroids or an immunomodulator (i.e., azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, or methotrexate). Patients who had previously received a TNF blocker were allowed to enroll if they had previously had loss of response or intolerance to that TNF blocker.

Patients received open-label induction therapy at a dose based on their body weight (≥40 kg and <40 kg). Patients weighing ≥40 kg received 160 mg (at Week 0) and 80 mg (at Week 2). Patients weighing <40 kg received 80 mg (at Week 0) and 40 mg (at Week 2). At Week 4, patients within each body weight category (≥40 kg and <40 kg) were randomized 1:1 to one of two maintenance dose regimens (high dose and low dose). The high dose was 40 mg every other week for patients weighing ≥40 kg and 20 mg every other week for patients weighing <40 kg. The low dose was 20 mg every other week for patients weighing ≥40 kg and 10 mg every other week for patients weighing <40 kg.

Concomitant stable dosages of corticosteroids (prednisone dosage ≤40 mg/day or equivalent) and immunomodulators (azathioprine, 6-mercaptopurine, or methotrexate) were permitted throughout the study.

At Week 12, patients who experienced a disease flare (increase in PCDAI of ≥ 15 from Week 4 and absolute PCDAI > 30) or who were non-responders (did not achieve a decrease in the PCDAI of ≥ 15 from baseline for 2 consecutive visits at least 2 weeks apart) were allowed to dose-escalate (i.e., switch from blinded every other week dosing to blinded every week dosing); patients who dose-escalated were considered treatment failures.

At baseline, 38% of patients were receiving corticosteroids, and 62% of patients were receiving an immunomodulator. Forty-four percent (44%) of patients had previously lost response or were intolerant to a TNF blocker. The median baseline PCDAI score was 40.

Of the 192 patients total, 188 patients completed the 4 week induction period, 152 patients completed 26 weeks of treatment, and 124 patients completed 52 weeks of treatment. Fifty-one percent (51%) (48/95) of patients in the low maintenance dose group dose-escalated, and 38% (35/93) of patients in the high maintenance dose group dose-escalated.

At Week 4, 28% (52/188) of patients were in clinical remission (defined as PCDAI ≤ 10).

The proportions of patients in clinical remission (defined as PCDAI ≤ 10) and clinical response (defined as reduction in PCDAI of at least 15 points from baseline) were assessed at Weeks 26 and 52.

At both Weeks 26 and 52, the proportion of patients in clinical remission and clinical response was numerically higher in the high dose group compared to the low dose group (Table 14). The recommended maintenance regimen is 20 mg every other week for patients weighing < 40 kg and 40 mg every other week for patients weighing ≥ 40 kg. Every week dosing is not the recommended maintenance dosing regimen [see Dosage and Administration ( 2.3 )].

Table 14. Clinical Remission and Clinical Response in Study PCD-I

Low Maintenance Dose† (20 or 10 mg every other week) N = 95

High Maintenance Dose# (40 or 20 mg every other week) N = 93

Week 26

  •  Clinical Remission‡

28%

39%

  •  Clinical Response§

48%

59%

Week 52

  •  Clinical Remission‡

23%

33%

  •  Clinical Response§

28%

42%

†The low maintenance dose was 20 mg every other week for patients weighing ≥ 40 kg and 10 mg every other week for patients weighing < 40 kg.

#The high maintenance dose was 40 mg every other week for patients weighing ≥ 40 kg and 20 mg every other week for patients weighing < 40 kg.

‡Clinical remission defined as PCDAI ≤ 10.

§Clinical response defined as reduction in PCDAI of at least 15 points from baseline.

14.7 Adult Ulcerative Colitis

The safety and efficacy of adalimumab were assessed in adult patients with moderately to severely active ulcerative colitis (Mayo score 6 to 12 on a 12-point scale, with an endoscopy subscore of 2 to 3 on a scale of 0 to 3) despite concurrent or prior treatment with immunosuppressants such as corticosteroids, azathioprine, or 6-MP in two randomized, double-blind, placebo-controlled clinical studies (Studies UC-I and UC-II). Both studies enrolled TNF-blocker naïve patients, but Study UC-II also allowed entry of patients who lost response to or were intolerant to TNF-blockers. Forty percent (40%) of patients enrolled in Study UC-II had previously used another TNF-blocker.

Concomitant stable doses of aminosalicylates and immunosuppressants were permitted. In Studies UC-I and II, patients were receiving aminosalicylates (69%), corticosteroids (59%) and/or azathioprine or 6-MP (37%) at baseline. In both studies, 92% of patients received at least one of these medications.

Induction of clinical remission (defined as Mayo score ≤2 with no individual subscores >1) at Week 8