YERVOY (ipilimumab) injection
E.R. Squibb & Sons, L.L.C.

E.R. Squibb & Sons, L.L.C.
YERVOY
ipilimumab
IPILIMUMAB
IPILIMUMAB
TROMETHAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
SODIUM CHLORIDE
MANNITOL
PENTETIC ACID
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER
YERVOY
ipilimumab
IPILIMUMAB
IPILIMUMAB
TROMETHAMINE HYDROCHLORIDE
SODIUM CHLORIDE
MANNITOL
PENTETIC ACID
POLYSORBATE 80
WATER

Indications and Usage (1)

2/2023

Dosage and Administration (2)

5/2022

1 INDICATIONS AND USAGE

YERVOY is a human cytotoxic T-lymphocyte antigen 4 (CTLA-4)-blocking antibody indicated for:

Melanoma

  • Treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma in adults and pediatric patients 12 years and older as a single agent or in combination with nivolumab. (1.1)
  • Adjuvant treatment of adult patients with cutaneous melanoma with pathologic involvement of regional lymph nodes of more than 1 mm who have undergone complete resection, including total lymphadenectomy. (1.2)

Renal Cell Carcinoma (RCC)

  • Treatment of adult patients with intermediate or poor risk advanced renal cell carcinoma, as first-line treatment in combination with nivolumab. (1.3)

Colorectal Cancer

  • Treatment of adult and pediatric patients 12 years and older with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan, in combination with nivolumab. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. (1.4)

Hepatocellular Carcinoma

  • Treatment of adult patients with hepatocellular carcinoma who have been previously treated with sorafenib, in combination with nivolumab. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials. (1.5)

Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer (NSCLC)

  • Treatment of adult patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer expressing PD-L1 (≥1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations, as first-line treatment in combination with nivolumab. (1.6)
  • Treatment of adult patients with metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations as first-line treatment, in combination with nivolumab and 2 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy. (1.6)

Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

  • Treatment of adult patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma, as first-line treatment in combination with nivolumab. (1.7)

Esophageal Cancer

  • Treatment of adult patients with unresectable advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma, as first line treatment in combination with nivolumab. (1.8)

1.1 Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

YERVOY, as a single agent or in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the treatment of unresectable or metastatic melanoma in adult and pediatric patients 12 years and older.

1.2 Adjuvant Treatment of Melanoma

YERVOY is indicated for the adjuvant treatment of adult patients with cutaneous melanoma with pathologic involvement of regional lymph nodes of more than 1 mm who have undergone complete resection, including total lymphadenectomy.

1.3 Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma

YERVOY, in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with intermediate or poor risk advanced renal cell carcinoma (RCC).

1.4 Microsatellite Instability-High or Mismatch Repair Deficient Metastatic Colorectal Cancer

YERVOY, in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the treatment of adult and pediatric patients 12 years and older with microsatellite instability-high (MSI-H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer (mCRC) that has progressed following treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan.

This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response [see Clinical Studies (14.4)]. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in confirmatory trials.

1.5 Hepatocellular Carcinoma

YERVOY, in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the treatment of adult patients with hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC) who have been previously treated with sorafenib. This indication is approved under accelerated approval based on overall response rate and duration of response [see Clinical Studies (14.5)]. Continued approval for this indication may be contingent upon verification and description of clinical benefit in the confirmatory trials.

1.6 Metastatic Non-Small Cell Lung Cancer

YERVOY, in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with metastatic non-small cell lung cancer (NSCLC) whose tumors express PD-L1 (≥1%) as determined by an FDA-approved test [see Dosage and Administration (2.1)], with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

YERVOY, in combination with nivolumab and 2 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy, is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with metastatic or recurrent NSCLC, with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations.

1.7 Malignant Pleural Mesothelioma

YERVOY, in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with unresectable malignant pleural mesothelioma.

1.8 Esophageal Cancer

YERVOY, in combination with nivolumab, is indicated for the first-line treatment of adult patients with unresectable advanced or metastatic esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC).

2 DOSAGE AND ADMINISTRATION

  • Administer by intravenous infusion after dilution based upon recommended infusion rate for each indication. (2)
  • Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma:
    • ∘YERVOY 3 mg/kg every 3 weeks for a maximum of 4 doses. (2.2)
    • ∘YERVOY 3 mg/kg immediately following nivolumab 1 mg/kg on the same day, every 3 weeks for 4 doses. After completing 4 doses of the combination, administer nivolumab as a single agent as recommended in the Full Prescribing Information for nivolumab. (2.2)
  • Adjuvant Treatment of Melanoma: YERVOY 10 mg/kg every 3 weeks for 4 doses, followed by 10 mg/kg every 12 weeks for up to 3 years. (2.2)
  • Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: YERVOY 1 mg/kg immediately following nivolumab 3 mg/kg on the same day, every 3 weeks for 4 doses. After completing 4 doses of the combination, administer nivolumab as a single agent as recommended in Full Prescribing Information for nivolumab. (2.2)
  • Microsatellite Instability-High (MSI-H) or Mismatch Repair Deficient (dMMR) Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: YERVOY 1 mg/kg intravenously over 30 minutes immediately following nivolumab 3 mg/kg intravenously over 30 minutes on the same day, every 3 weeks for 4 doses. After completing 4 doses of the combination, administer nivolumab as a single agent as recommended in Full Prescribing Information for nivolumab. (2.2)
  • Hepatocellular Carcinoma: YERVOY 3 mg/kg intravenously over 30 minutes immediately following nivolumab 1 mg/kg intravenously over 30 minutes on the same day, every 3 weeks for 4 doses. After completing 4 doses of the combination, administer nivolumab as a single agent as recommended in Full Prescribing Information for nivolumab. (2.2)
  • Metastatic non-small cell lung cancer:
    • ∘YERVOY 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks with nivolumab 360 mg every 3 weeks. (2.2)
    • ∘YERVOY 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks with nivolumab 360 mg every 3 weeks and 2 cycles of platinum-doublet chemotherapy. (2.2)
  • Malignant pleural mesothelioma: YERVOY 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks with nivolumab 360 mg every 3 weeks. (2.2)
  • Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma: YERVOY 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks with nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 360 mg every 3 weeks. (2.2)
  • See full Prescribing Information for preparation and administration instructions and dosage modifications for adverse reactions.

2.1 Patient Selection

Select patients with metastatic NSCLC for treatment with YERVOY in combination with nivolumab based on PD-L1 expression [see Clinical Studies (14.6)].

Information on FDA-approved tests for the determination of PD-L1 expression in NSCLC is available at: http://www.fda.gov/CompanionDiagnostics.

2.2 Recommended Dosage

The recommended dosages of YERVOY as a single agent are presented in Table 1.

Table 1: Recommended Dosages for YERVOY as a Single Agent

Indication

Recommended YERVOY Dosage

Duration of Therapy

Unresectable or metastatic melanoma

3 mg/kg every 3 weeks

30-minute intravenous infusion

Maximum of 4 doses

Adjuvant treatment of melanoma

10 mg/kg every 3 weeks

followed by 10 mg/kg every 12 weeks

(90-minute intravenous infusion)

Every 3 weeks up to a maximum of 4 doses

Every 12 weeks for up to 3 years

The recommended dosages of YERVOY in combination with other therapeutic agents are presented in Table 2. Refer to the respective Prescribing Information for each therapeutic agent administered in combination with YERVOY for recommended dosage information, as appropriate.

Table 2: Recommended Dosages of YERVOY in Combination with Other Therapeutic Agents*
* Refer to the Prescribing Information for the agents administered in combination with YERVOY for recommended dosing information, as appropriate.
Refer to the Prescribing Information for nivolumab for dosage information after completing use in combination with YERVOY.
30-minute intravenous infusion on the same day.

Indication

Recommended YERVOY Dosage

Duration of Therapy

Unresectable or metastatic melanoma

3 mg/kg every 3 weeks

with nivolumab 1 mg/kg

In combination with nivolumab for a maximum of 4 doses or until unacceptable toxicity, whichever occurs earlier.

After completing 4 doses of combination therapy, administer nivolumab as a single agent until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Advanced renal cell carcinoma

1 mg/kg every 3 weeks

with nivolumab 3 mg/kg

In combination with nivolumab
for a maximum of 4 doses.

After completing 4 doses of combination therapy, administer nivolumab as single agent until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Microsatellite instability-high (MSI‑H) or mismatch repair deficient (dMMR) metastatic colorectal cancer

1 mg/kg every 3 weeks

with nivolumab 3 mg/kg

After completing 4 doses of combination therapy, administer nivolumab as single agent until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Hepatocellular carcinoma

3 mg/kg every 3 weeks

with nivolumab 1 mg/kg

In combination with nivolumab
for 4 doses.

After completing 4 doses of combination therapy, administer nivolumab as single agent until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

Metastatic non-small cell lung cancer expressing PD‑L1

1 mg/kg every 6 weeks

with nivolumab 360 mg every 3 weeks

In combination with nivolumab until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years in patients without disease progression.

Metastatic or recurrent non-small cell lung cancer

1 mg/kg every 6 weeks

with nivolumab 360 mg every 3 weeks

and histology-based platinum‑doublet

chemotherapy every 3 weeks

In combination with nivolumab until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years in patients without disease progression.

2 cycles of histology-based platinum-doublet chemotherapy

Malignant pleural mesothelioma

1 mg/kg every 6 weeks

with nivolumab 360 mg every 3 weeks

In combination with nivolumab until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years in patients without disease progression.

Esophageal squamous cell carcinoma

1 mg/kg every 6 weeks (30-minute intravenous infusion) with nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks or 360 mg every 3 weeks (30-minute intravenous infusion)

In combination with nivolumab until disease progression, unacceptable toxicity, or up to 2 years

2.3 Recommended Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions

No dose reduction for YERVOY is recommended. In general, withhold YERVOY for severe (Grade 3) immune-mediated adverse reactions. Permanently discontinue YERVOY for life-threatening (Grade 4) immune-mediated adverse reactions, recurrent severe (Grade 3) immune-mediated reactions that require systemic immunosuppressive treatment, persistent moderate (Grade 2) or severe (Grade 3) reactions lasting 12 weeks or longer after last YERVOY dose (excluding endocrinopathy), or an inability to reduce corticosteroid dose to 10 mg or less of prednisone or equivalent per day within 12 weeks of initiating steroids. Dosage modifications for YERVOY or YERVOY in combination with nivolumab for adverse reactions that require management different from these general guidelines are summarized in Table 3.

When YERVOY is administered in combination with nivolumab, withhold or permanently discontinue both YERVOY and nivolumab for toxicity.

Table 3: Recommended Dosage Modifications for Adverse Reactions
ALT = alanine aminotransferase, AST = aspartate aminotransferase, DRESS = Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms, SJS = Stevens Johnson Syndrome, TEN = toxic epidermal necrolysis, ULN = upper limit of normal
* Based on Common Terminology Criteria for Adverse Events (CTCAE), Version 4.03
a Resume in patients with complete or partial resolution (Grade 0 or 1) after corticosteroid taper. Permanently discontinue if no complete or partial resolution within 12 weeks of last dose or inability to reduce prednisone to 10 mg per day (or equivalent) or less within 12 weeks of initiating steroids.
b If AST/ALT are less than or equal to ULN at baseline, withhold or permanently discontinue YERVOY based on recommendations for hepatitis with no liver involvement.
c This guidance is only applicable to HCC patients who are being treated with YERVOY in combination with nivolumab.
d Depending on clinical severity, consider withholding for Grade 2 endocrinopathy until symptom improvement with hormone replacement. Resume once acute symptoms have resolved.

Adverse Reaction

Severity*

Dosage Modifications

Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions [See Warnings and Precautions (5.1)]

Colitis

Grade 2

Withholda

Grade 3 or 4

Permanently discontinue

Hepatitis with no tumor involvement of the liver

or

Hepatitis with tumor involvement of the liver/non-HCC

AST or ALT increases to more than 3 times and up to 5 times the ULN

or

Total bilirubin increases to more than 1.5 times and up to 3 times the ULN

Withholda

AST or ALT more than 5 times the ULN

or

Total bilirubin more than 3 times the ULN

Permanently discontinue

Hepatitis with tumor involvement of the liverb/HCCc

Baseline AST/ALT is more than 1 and up to 3 times ULN and increases to more than 5 and up to 10 times ULN

or

Baseline AST/ALT is more than 3 and up to 5 times ULN and increases to more than 8 and up to 10 times ULN.

Withholda

AST/ALT increases to more than 10 times ULN

or

Total bilirubin increases to more than 3 times ULN.

Permanently discontinue

Exfoliative Dermatologic Conditions

Suspected SJS, TEN, or DRESS

Withhold

Confirmed SJS, TEN, or DRESS

Permanently discontinue

Endocrinopathiesd

Grades 3 or 4

Withhold until clinically stable or permanently discontinue depending on severity

Pneumonitis

Grade 2

Withholda

Grade 3 or 4

Permanently discontinue

Nephritis with Renal Dysfunction

Grade 2 or 3 increased blood creatinine

Withholda

Grade 4 increased blood creatinine

Permanently discontinue

Neurological Toxicities

Grade 2

Withholda

Grade 3 or 4

Permanently discontinue

Myocarditis

Grade 2, 3 or 4

Permanently discontinue

Ophthalmologic

Grade 2, 3, or 4 that does not improve to Grade 1 within 2 weeks while receiving topical therapy or that requires systemic treatment

Permanently discontinue

Other Adverse Reactions

Infusion-Related Reactions [see Warnings and Precautions (5.2)]

Grade 1 or 2

Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion

Grade 3 or 4

Permanently discontinue

2.4 Preparation and Administration

  • Do not shake product.
  • Visually inspect for particulate matter and discoloration prior to administration. Discard vial if solution is cloudy, there is pronounced discoloration (solution may have pale-yellow color), or there is foreign particulate matter other than translucent-to-white, amorphous particles.

Preparation of Solution

  • Allow the vial(s) to stand at room temperature for approximately 5 minutes prior to preparation of infusion.
  • Withdraw the required volume of YERVOY and transfer into an intravenous bag.
  • Dilute with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP to a final concentration ranging from 1 mg/mL to 2 mg/mL. Mix diluted solution by gentle inversion.
  • After preparation, store the diluted solution either refrigerated at 2°C to 8°C (36°F to 46°F) or at room temperature of 20°C to 25°C (68°F to 77°F) for no more than 24 hours from the time of preparation to the time of infusion.
  • Discard partially used or empty vials of YERVOY.

Administration

  • Do not co-administer other drugs through the same intravenous line.
  • Flush the intravenous line with 0.9% Sodium Chloride Injection, USP or 5% Dextrose Injection, USP after each dose.
  • Administer diluted solution through an intravenous line containing a sterile, non-pyrogenic, low-protein-binding in-line filter.
  • When administered in combination with nivolumab, infuse nivolumab first followed by YERVOY on the same day. When administered with nivolumab and platinum-doublet chemotherapy, infuse nivolumab first followed by YERVOY and then platinum-doublet chemotherapy on the same day. Use separate infusion bags and filters for each infusion.

3 DOSAGE FORMS AND STRENGTHS

Injection: 50 mg/10 mL (5 mg/mL) or 200 mg/40 mL (5 mg/mL) as a clear to slightly opalescent, colorless to pale-yellow solution in a single-dose vial.

  • Injection: 50 mg/10 mL (5 mg/mL) and 200 mg/40 mL (5 mg/mL) in a single-dose vial. (3)

4 CONTRAINDICATIONS

None.

5 WARNINGS AND PRECAUTIONS

     

  • Severe and Fatal Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions: Immune-mediated adverse reactions (IMAR) can occur in any organ system or tissue, including the following: immune-mediated colitis, immune-mediated hepatitis, immune-mediated dermatologic adverse reactions, immune-mediated endocrinopathies, immune-mediated pneumonitis, and immune-mediated nephritis with renal dysfunction, and can occur at any time during treatment or after discontinuation. Monitor for symptoms and signs that may be clinical manifestations of IMAR. Evaluate clinical chemistries including liver enzymes, creatinine, adrenocorticotropic hormone level and thyroid function at baseline and before each dose. In general, withhold YERVOY for severe (grade 3) and permanently discontinue for life-threatening (grade 4) immune-mediated adverse reactions. See Full Prescribing Information for additional dosage modifications. (2.3, 5.1)
  • Infusion-Related Reactions: Discontinue for severe and life-threatening infusion-related reactions. Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion in patients with mild or moderate infusion-related reactions. (2.3, 5.2)
  • Complications of allogeneic HSCT: Fatal and other serious complications can occur in patients who receive allogeneic HSCT before or after being treated with YERVOY. (5.3)
  • Embryo-Fetal Toxicity: Can cause fetal harm. Advise of potential risk to a fetus and use of effective contraception. (5.4, 8.1, 8.3)

5.1 Severe and Fatal Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

YERVOY is a fully human monoclonal antibody that blocks T-cell inhibitory signals induced by the CTLA-4 pathway, thereby removing inhibition of the immune response with the potential for induction of immune-mediated adverse reactions. Immune-mediated adverse reactions listed herein may not be inclusive of all possible severe and fatal immune-mediated reactions.

Immune-mediated adverse reactions, which may be severe or fatal, can occur in any organ system or tissue. Immune-mediated adverse reactions can occur at any time after starting YERVOY. While immune-mediated adverse reactions usually manifest during treatment, immune-mediated adverse reactions can also manifest after discontinuation of YERVOY.

Early identification and management are essential to ensure safe use of YERVOY. Monitor for signs and symptoms that may be clinical manifestations of underlying immune-mediated adverse reactions. Evaluate clinical chemistries including liver enzymes, creatinine, adrenocorticotropic hormone (ACTH) level, and thyroid function at baseline and before each dose. Institute medical management promptly, including specialty consultation as appropriate.

Withhold or permanently discontinue YERVOY depending on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)]. In general, if YERVOY requires interruption or discontinuation, administer systemic corticosteroid therapy (1 to 2 mg/kg/day prednisone or equivalent) until improvement to Grade 1 or less. Upon improvement to Grade 1 or less, initiate corticosteroid taper and continue to taper over at least 1 month. Consider administration of other systemic immunosuppressants in patients whose immune-mediated adverse reactions are not controlled with corticosteroid therapy.

Immune-Mediated Colitis

YERVOY can cause immune-mediated colitis, which may be fatal. Cytomegalovirus (CMV) infection/reactivation has been reported in patients with corticosteroid-refractory immune-mediated colitis. In cases of corticosteroid-refractory colitis, consider repeating infectious workup to exclude alternative etiologies.

YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Immune-mediated colitis occurred in 12% (62/511) of patients who received YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a single agent, including Grade 3-5 (7%) and Grade 2 (5%). Colitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY in 4.3% and withholding of at least one dose of YERVOY in 0.2% of patients.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 74% (46/62) of patients with immune-mediated colitis. Five patients required coadministration of another immunosuppressant with corticosteroids. Colitis resolved in 76% of the 62 patients. One patient was withheld one or more doses of YERVOY for colitis, and no patient received additional treatment after symptom improvement.

YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Immune-mediated colitis occurred in 31% (144/471) of patients who received YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a single agent, including fatal (0.2%), Grade 4 (1.5%), Grade 3 (14%), and Grade 2 (14%). Colitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY in 61% of patients and 3.8% of patients missed at least one dose of YERVOY due to colitis.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 85% (123/144) of patients with immune-mediated colitis. Approximately 26% of the 144 patients required coadministration of another immunosuppressant with corticosteroids. Colitis resolved in 90% of the 144 patients. Of the 18 patients who missed one or more doses of YERVOY for colitis, 17 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 14 had recurrence of colitis.

YERVOY 1 mg/kg with 3 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated colitis occurred in 9% (60/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 3 (4.4%), and Grade 2 (3.7%). Colitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY and nivolumab in 3.2% and withholding of YERVOY and nivolumab in 2.7% of patients.

In patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab, use of systemic corticosteroids was one of the diagnostic criteria required to identify immune-mediated colitis. Systemic corticosteroids were therefore required in 100% (60/60) of patients with immune-mediated colitis. Approximately 23% of patients required coadministration of another immunosuppressant with corticosteroids. Colitis resolved in 95% of the 60 patients. Of the 18 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for colitis, 16 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 10 had recurrence of colitis.

YERVOY 3 mg/kg with 1 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated colitis occurred in 25% (115/456) of patients with melanoma or HCC receiving YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including Grade 4 (0.4%), Grade 3 (14%), and Grade 2 (8%) adverse reactions. Colitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 14% and withholding of treatment in 4.4% of patients.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 100% (115/115) of patients with colitis. Approximately 23% of patients required addition of infliximab to high-dose corticosteroids. Colitis resolved in 93% of 115 patients. Of the 20 patients in whom YERVOY with nivolumab was withheld for colitis, 16 reinitiated treatment after symptom improvement, and 9 had recurrence of colitis.

Immune-Mediated Hepatitis

YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Immune-mediated hepatitis occurred in 4.1% (21/511) of patients who received YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a single agent, including Grade 3-5 (1.6%) and Grade 2 (2.5%). Hepatitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY in 0.4% of patients and withholding of at least one dose of YERVOY in none of the patients.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 29% (6/21) of patients with immune-mediated hepatitis. No patients required the coadministration of another immunosuppressant with corticosteroids. Hepatitis resolved in 86% of the 21 patients.

YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Immune-mediated hepatitis occurred in 15% (73/471) of patients who received YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a single agent, including Grade 4 (2.8%), Grade 3 (8%), and Grade 2 (5%). Hepatitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY in 56% of patients and 1.1% of patients missed at least one dose of YERVOY due to hepatitis.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 85% (62/73) of patients with immune-mediated hepatitis. Approximately 15% of the 73 patients required the coadministration of another immunosuppressant with corticosteroids. Hepatitis resolved in 93% of 73 patients. Of the 5 patients who missed one or more doses of YERVOY for hepatitis, 5 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 1 had recurrence of hepatitis.

YERVOY 3 mg/kg with Vemurafenib

The safety and effectiveness of YERVOY in combination with vemurafenib have not been established [see Indications and Usage (1)]. In a dose-finding trial, Grade 3 increases in transaminases with or without concomitant increases in total bilirubin occurred in 6 of 10 patients who received concurrent YERVOY (3 mg/kg) and vemurafenib (960 mg or 720 mg twice daily).

YERVOY 1 mg/kg with 3 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated hepatitis occurred in 7% (48/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 4 (1.2%), Grade 3 (4.9%), and Grade 2 (0.4%). Hepatitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY and nivolumab in 3.6% and withholding of YERVOY and nivolumab in 2.6% of patients.

In patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab, use of systemic corticosteroids was one of the diagnostic criteria required to identify immune-mediated hepatitis. Systemic corticosteroids were therefore required in 100% (48/48) of patients with immune-mediated hepatitis. Approximately 19% of patients required coadministration of another immunosuppressant with corticosteroids. Hepatitis resolved in 88% of the 48 patients. Of the 17 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for hepatitis, 14 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 10 had recurrence of hepatitis.

YERVOY 3 mg/kg with 1 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated hepatitis occurred in 15% (70/456) of patients with melanoma or HCC receiving YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including Grade 4 (2.4%), Grade 3 (11%), and Grade 2 (1.8%) adverse reactions. Immune-mediated hepatitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 8% and withholding of treatment in 3.5% of patients.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 100% (70/70) of patients with hepatitis. Approximately 9% of patients with immune-mediated hepatitis required addition of mycophenolic acid to high-dose corticosteroids. Hepatitis resolved in 91% of the 70 patients. Of the 16 patients in whom YERVOY with nivolumab was withheld for hepatitis, 14 reinitiated treatment after symptom improvement, and 8 had recurrence of hepatitis.

Immune-Mediated Dermatologic Adverse Reactions

YERVOY can cause immune-mediated rash or dermatitis, including bullous and exfoliative dermatitis, Stevens Johnson Syndrome, toxic epidermal necrolysis (TEN), and DRESS (Drug Rash with Eosinophilia and Systemic Symptoms). Topical emollients and/or topical corticosteroids may be adequate to treat mild to moderate non-bullous/exfoliative rashes. Withhold or permanently discontinue YERVOY depending on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Immune-mediated rash occurred in 15% (76/511) of patients who received YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a single agent, including Grade 3-5 (2.5%) and Grade 2 (12%). Rash led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY in 0.2% and withholding of at least one dose of YERVOY in 1.4% of patients.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 43% (33/76) of patients with immune-mediated rash. Rash resolved in 71% of the 76 patients. Of the 7 patients in whom YERVOY was withheld for rash, 3 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 1 had recurrence of rash.

YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Immune-mediated rash occurred in 25% (118/471) of patients who received YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a single agent, including Grade 3 (4%) and Grade 2 (21%). Rash led to permanent discontinuation in 8% of patients and 1.5% of patients missed at least one dose of YERVOY due to rash.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 70% (83/118) of patients with immune-mediated rash. Rash resolved in 81% of 118 patients. Of the 7 patients who missed one or more doses of YERVOY for rash, 5 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 3 had recurrence of rash.

YERVOY 1 mg/kg with 3 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated rash occurred in 16% (108/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 3 (3.5%) and Grade 2 (4.2%). Rash led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY and nivolumab in 0.5% of patients and withholding of YERVOY and nivolumab in 2.0% of patients.

In patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab, use of systemic corticosteroids was one of the diagnostic criteria required to identify immune-mediated rash. Systemic corticosteroids were therefore required in 100% (108/108) of patients. Rash resolved in 75% of 108 patients. Of the 13 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for rash, 11 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 5 had recurrence of rash.

YERVOY 3 mg/kg with 1 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated rash occurred in 28% (127/456) of patients with melanoma or HCC receiving YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including Grade 3 (4.8%) and Grade 2 (10%) adverse reactions. Immune-mediated rash led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.4% and withholding of treatment in 3.9% of patients.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 100% (127/127) of patients with immune-mediated rash. Rash resolved in 84% of the 127 of patients. Of the 18 patients in whom YERVOY with nivolumab was withheld for rash, 15 reinitiated treatment after symptom improvement, and 8 had recurrence of rash.

Immune-Mediated Endocrinopathies

YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Grade 2-5 immune-mediated endocrinopathies occurred in 4% (21/511) of patients who received YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a single agent.

Severe to life-threatening (Grade 3-4) endocrinopathies occurred in 9 patients (1.8%). All 9 of these patients had hypopituitarism with some patients having additional concomitant endocrinopathies, such as adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadism, and hypothyroidism. Six of the 9 patients were hospitalized for severe endocrinopathies.

Moderate (Grade 2) endocrinopathy occurred in 12 patients (2.3%), including hypothyroidism, adrenal insufficiency, hypopituitarism, hyperthyroidism and Cushing’s syndrome.

Of the 21 patients with moderate to life-threatening endocrinopathy, 17 required long-term hormone replacement therapy, including adrenal hormones (n=10) and thyroid hormones (n=13).

YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a Single Agent

Immune-mediated endocrinopathies occurred in 28% of patients (132/471), including Grade 4 (0.6%), Grade 3 (8%) and Grade 2 (20%).

Of the 39 patients with Grade 3 to 4 endocrinopathies, 35 patients had hypopituitarism (associated with one or more secondary endocrinopathies, e.g., adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadism, and hypothyroidism), 3 patients had hyperthyroidism, and 1 had primary hypothyroidism. Twenty-seven of the 39 patients (69%) were hospitalized for endocrinopathies. Of the 39 patients, 10% were reported to have resolution.

Of the 93 patients with Grade 2 endocrinopathy, 74 had primary hypopituitarism associated with one or more secondary endocrinopathy, e.g., adrenal insufficiency, hypogonadism, and hypothyroidism, 9 had primary hypothyroidism, 3 had hyperthyroidism, 3 had thyroiditis with hypo- or hyperthyroidism, 2 had hypogonadism, 1 had both hyperthyroidism and hypopituitarism, and 1 subject developed Graves’ ophthalmopathy. Of the 93 patients, 20% were reported to have resolution.

One hundred twenty-four patients received systemic corticosteroids as immunosuppression and/or adrenal hormone replacement for Grade 2 to 4 endocrinopathy. Of these, 42 (34%) were able to discontinue corticosteroids. Seventy-three patients received thyroid hormones for treatment of Grade 2 to 4 hypothyroidism. Of these, 14 patients (19%) were able to discontinue thyroid replacement therapy.

YERVOY 1 mg/kg with 3 mg/kg Nivolumab

Hypophysitis:

YERVOY can cause immune-mediated hypophysitis. Hypophysitis can present with acute symptoms associated with mass effect such as headache, photophobia, or visual field cuts. Hypophysitis can cause hypopituitarism. Initiate hormone replacement as clinically indicated. Withhold or permanently discontinue YERVOY depending on severity [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)].

Hypophysitis occurred in 4.4% (29/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 4 (0.3%), Grade 3 (2.4%), and Grade 2 (0.9%). Hypophysitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY and nivolumab in 1.2% and withholding of YERVOY with nivolumab in 2.1% of patients. Approximately 72% of patients with hypophysitis received hormone replacement therapy. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 72% (21/29) of patients with immune-mediated hypophysitis. Hypophysitis resolved in 59% of the 29 patients. Of the 14 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for hypophysitis, 11 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 2 had recurrence of hypophysitis.

Adrenal Insufficiency:

Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 7% (48/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 4 (0.3%), Grade 3 (2.5%), and Grade 2 (4.1%). Adrenal insufficiency led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 1.2% and withholding of YERVOY with nivolumab in 2.1% of patients. Approximately 94% of patients with adrenal insufficiency received hormone replacement therapy. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 94% (45/48) of patients with adrenal insufficiency. Adrenal insufficiency resolved in 29% of the 48 patients. Of the 14 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for adrenal insufficiency, 11 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 2 had recurrence of adrenal insufficiency.

Hyperthyroidism:

Hyperthyroidism occurred in 12% (80/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 3 (0.6%) and Grade 2 (4.5%). No patients discontinued YERVOY for hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism led to withholding of YERVOY with nivolumab in 2.3% of patients. Approximately 19% received a thyroid synthesis inhibitor. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 20% (16/80) of patients with hyperthyroidism. Hyperthyroidism resolved in 85% of the 80 patients. Of the 15 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for hyperthyroidism, 11 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 3 had recurrence of hyperthyroidism.

Hypothyroidism:

Hypothyroidism occurred in 18% (122/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 3 (0.6%) and Grade 2 (11%). Hypothyroidism led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.2% and withholding of YERVOY with nivolumab in 1.4% of patients. Approximately 82% received thyroid hormone replacement. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 7% (9/122) of patients with hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism resolved in 27% of the 122 patients. Of the 9 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for hypothyroidism, 5 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, one patient had recurrence of hypothyroidism.

Thyroiditis:

Thyroiditis occurred in 2.7% (22/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 3 (4.5%) and Grade 2 (2.2%). Thyroiditis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.2% and withholding of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.8% of patients. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 18% (4/22) of patients with thyroiditis. Thyroiditis resolved in 64% of the 22 patients. Of the 5 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for thyroiditis, 5 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, no patients had recurrence of thyroiditis.

Type 1 Diabetes Mellitus:

Diabetes occurred in 2.7% (15/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 4 (0.6%), Grade 3 (0.3%), and Grade 2 (0.9%). Diabetes led to the permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.5% and withholding of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.5% of patients. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 7% (1/15) of patients with diabetes. Diabetes resolved in 27% of the 15 patients. Of the 3 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for diabetes, 2 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, none had recurrence of diabetes.

YERVOY 3 mg/kg with 1 mg/kg Nivolumab

Hypophysitis:

Hypophysitis occurred in 9% (42/456) of patients with melanoma or HCC receiving YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including Grade 3 (2.4%) and Grade 2 (6%) adverse reactions. Hypophysitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.9% and withholding of treatment in 4.2% of patients.

Approximately 86% of patients with hypophysitis received hormone replacement therapy. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 88% (37/42) of patients with hypophysitis. Hypophysitis resolved in 38% of the 42 patients. Of the 19 patients in whom YERVOY with nivolumab was withheld for hypophysitis, 9 reinitiated treatment after symptom improvement, and 1 had recurrence of hypophysitis.

Adrenal Insufficiency:

Adrenal insufficiency occurred in 8% (35/456) of patients with melanoma or HCC receiving YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including Grade 4 (0.2%), Grade 3 (2.4%), and Grade 2 (4.2%) adverse reactions. Adrenal insufficiency led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.4% of patients and withholding of treatment in 2.0% of patients.

Approximately 71% (25/35) of patients with adrenal insufficiency received hormone replacement therapy, including systemic corticosteroids. Adrenal insufficiency resolved in 37% of the 35 patients. Of the 9 patients in whom YERVOY with nivolumab was withheld for adrenal insufficiency, 7 reinitiated treatment after symptom improvement, and all required hormone replacement therapy for their ongoing adrenal insufficiency.

Hypothyroidism:

Hypothyroidism occurred in 20% (91/456) of patients with melanoma or HCC receiving YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including Grade 3 (0.4%) and Grade 2 (11%) adverse reactions. Hypothyroidism led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 0.9% of patients and withholding of treatment in 0.9% of patients.

Approximately 89% of patients with hypothyroidism received levothyroxine. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 2.2% (2/91) of patients with hypothyroidism. Hypothyroidism resolved in 41% of the 91 patients. Of the 4 patients in whom YERVOY with nivolumab was withheld for hypothyroidism, 2 reinitiated treatment after symptom improvement, and none had recurrence of hypothyroidism.

Hyperthyroidism:

Hyperthyroidism occurred in 9% (42/456) of patients with melanoma or HCC receiving YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab 1 mg/kg every 3 weeks, including Grade 3 (0.9%) and Grade 2 (4.2%) adverse reactions. Hyperthyroidism led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in no patients and withholding of treatment in 2.4% of patients.

Approximately 26% of patients with hyperthyroidism received methimazole and 21% received carbimazole. Systemic corticosteroids were required in 17% (7/42) of patients. Hyperthyroidism resolved in 91% of the 42 patients. Of the 11 patients in whom YERVOY with nivolumab was withheld for hyperthyroidism, 8 reinitiated treatment after symptom improvement, and 1 had recurrence of hyperthyroidism.

Immune-Mediated Pneumonitis

YERVOY 1 mg/kg with 3 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated pneumonitis occurred in 3.9% (26/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 3 (1.4%) and Grade 2 (2.6%). Pneumonitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY and nivolumab in 1.8% and withholding of YERVOY and nivolumab in 1.5% of patients.

In patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab, use of systemic corticosteroids was one of the diagnostic criteria required to identify immune-mediated pneumonitis. Systemic corticosteroids were therefore required in 100% (26/26) of patients with immune-mediated pneumonitis. Approximately 8% required coadministration of another immunosuppressant with corticosteroids. Pneumonitis resolved in 92% of the 26 patients. Of the 10 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for pneumonitis, 10 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 4 had recurrence of pneumonitis.

In NSCLC, immune-mediated pneumonitis occurred in 9% (50/576) of patients receiving YERVOY 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks with nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks, including Grade 4 (0.5%), Grade 3 (3.5%), and Grade 2 (4.0%) immune-mediated pneumonitis. Four patients (0.7%) died due to pneumonitis. The median duration was 1.5 months (range: 5 days to 25+ months). Immune-mediated pneumonitis led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY with nivolumab in 5% of patients and withholding of YERVOY with nivolumab in 3.6% of patients.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 100% of patients with pneumonitis followed by a corticosteroid taper. Pneumonitis resolved in 72% of the patients. Approximately 13% (2/16) of patients had recurrence of pneumonitis after re-initiation of YERVOY with nivolumab.

YERVOY 3 mg/kg with 1 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated pneumonitis occurred in 7% (31/456) of patients who received YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of HCC or melanoma, including Grade 4 (0.2%), Grade 3 (2.0%), and Grade 2 (4.4%). Immune-mediated pneumonitis led to permanent discontinuation or withholding of treatment in 2.9% and 3.9% of patients, respectively.

Systemic corticosteroids were required in 100% of patients with pneumonitis. Pneumonitis resolved in 94% of the patients. Of the 13 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for pneumonitis, 13 received additional treatment after symptom improvement, and 4 had recurrence of pneumonitis.

Immune-Mediated Nephritis with Renal Dysfunction

YERVOY 1 mg/kg with 3 mg/kg Nivolumab

Immune-mediated nephritis with renal dysfunction occurred in 4.1% (27/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or mCRC, including Grade 4 (0.6%), Grade 3 (1.1%), and Grade 2 (2.2%). Nephritis with renal dysfunction led to permanent discontinuation of YERVOY and nivolumab in 1.2% and withholding of nivolumab and YERVOY in 1.8% of patients.

In patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab, use of systemic corticosteroids was one of the diagnostic criteria required to identify immune-mediated nephritis with renal dysfunction. Systemic corticosteroids were therefore required in 100% (27/27) of patients with immune-mediated nephritis with renal dysfunction. Nephritis with renal dysfunction resolved in 67% of the 27 patients. Of the 12 patients in whom YERVOY or nivolumab was withheld for nephritis, 10 received additional treatment after symptom improvement; of these, 4 had recurrence of nephritis.

Other Immune-Mediated Adverse Reactions

Across clinical trials of YERVOY administered as a single agent or in combination with nivolumab, the following clinically significant immune-mediated adverse reactions, some with fatal outcome, occurred in <1% of patients unless otherwise specified, as shown below:

Nervous System: Autoimmune neuropathy (2%), meningitis, encephalitis, myelitis and demyelination, myasthenic syndrome/myasthenia gravis, Guillain-Barré syndrome, nerve paresis, motor dysfunction

Cardiovascular: Angiopathy, myocarditis, pericarditis, temporal arteritis, vasculitis

Ocular: Blepharitis, episcleritis, iritis, orbital myositis, scleritis, uveitis. Some cases can be associated with retinal detachment. If uveitis occurs in combination with other immune-mediated adverse reactions, consider a Vogt-Koyanagi-Harada-like syndrome, which has been observed in patients receiving YERVOY and may require treatment with systemic corticosteroids to reduce the risk of permanent vision loss.

Gastrointestinal: Duodenitis, gastritis, pancreatitis (1.3%)

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue: Arthritis, myositis, polymyalgia rheumatica, polymyositis, rhabdomyolysis

Other (hematologic/immune): Aplastic anemia, conjunctivitis, cytopenias (2.5%), eosinophilia (2.1%), erythema multiforme, histiocytic necrotizing lymphadenitis (Kikuchi lymphadenitis), hypersensitivity vasculitis, meningitis, neurosensory hypoacusis, psoriasis, sarcoidosis, systemic inflammatory response syndrome, and solid organ transplant rejection.

5.2 Infusion-Related Reactions

Severe infusion-related reactions can occur with YERVOY. Discontinue YERVOY in patients with severe or life-threatening infusion reactions. Interrupt or slow the rate of infusion in patients with mild or moderate infusion reactions [see Dosage and Administration (2.3)]. Infusion-related reactions occurred in 2.9% (28/982) of patients who received single-agent YERVOY 3 mg/kg or 10 mg/kg for the treatment of melanoma. Infusion-related reactions occurred in 5% (33/666) of patients who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of RCC or CRC. Infusion-related reactions occurred in 8% (4/49) of patients who received YERVOY 3 mg/kg with nivolumab for the treatment of HCC. Infusion-related reactions occurred in 12% (37/300) of patients with malignant pleural mesothelioma who received YERVOY 1 mg/kg every 6 weeks with nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks.

5.3 Complications of Allogeneic Hematopoietic Stem Cell Transplant after YERVOY

Fatal or serious graft-versus-host disease (GVHD) can occur in patients who receive YERVOY either before or after allogeneic hematopoietic stem cell transplantation (HSCT). These complications may occur despite intervening therapy between CTLA-4 receptor blocking antibody and allogeneic HSCT.

Follow patients closely for evidence of GVHD and intervene promptly [see Adverse Reactions (6.3)]. Consider the benefit versus risks of treatment with YERVOY after allogeneic HSCT.

5.4 Embryo-Fetal Toxicity

Based on its mechanism of action and findings from animal studies, YERVOY can cause fetal harm when administered to a pregnant woman. In animal reproduction studies, administration of ipilimumab to cynomolgus monkeys from the onset of organogenesis through delivery resulted in higher incidences of abortion, stillbirth, premature delivery (with corresponding lower birth weight) and higher incidences of infant mortality in a dose-related manner. The effects of ipilimumab are likely to be greater during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy. Advise pregnant women of the potential risk to a fetus. Advise females of reproductive potential to use effective contraception during treatment with YERVOY and for 3 months after the last dose [see Use in Specific Populations (8.1, 8.3)].

5.5 Risks Associated When Administered in Combination with Nivolumab

YERVOY is indicated for use in combination with nivolumab for patients with advanced RCC, MSI-H or dMMR mCRC, HCC, and NSCLC. Refer to the nivolumab Full Prescribing Information for additional risk information that applies to the combination use treatment.

6 ADVERSE REACTIONS

The following clinically significant adverse reactions are described elsewhere in the labeling:

Most common adverse reactions (≥5%) with YERVOY as a single agent are fatigue, diarrhea, pruritus, rash, and colitis. Additional common adverse reactions at the 10 mg/kg dose (≥5%) include nausea, vomiting, headache, weight loss, pyrexia, decreased appetite, and insomnia. (6.1)

Most common adverse reactions (≥20%) with YERVOY in combination with nivolumab are fatigue, diarrhea, rash, pruritus, nausea, musculoskeletal pain, pyrexia, cough, decreased appetite, vomiting, abdominal pain, dyspnea, upper respiratory tract infection, arthralgia, headache, hypothyroidism, constipation, decreased weight, and dizziness. (6.1)

Most common adverse reactions (≥20%) with YERVOY in combination with nivolumab and platinum-doublet chemotherapy are fatigue, musculoskeletal pain, nausea, diarrhea, rash, decreased appetite, constipation, and pruritus. (6.1)


To report SUSPECTED ADVERSE REACTIONS, contact Bristol-Myers Squibb at 1-800-721-5072 or FDA at 1-800-FDA-1088 or www.fda.gov/medwatch.

6.1 Clinical Trials Experience

Because clinical trials are conducted under widely varying conditions, adverse reaction rates observed in the clinical trials of a drug cannot be directly compared with rates in the clinical trials of another drug and may not reflect the rates observed in clinical practice.

The data described in the Warnings and Precautions section reflect exposure to YERVOY 3 mg/kg as a single agent (or in combination with an investigational gp100 peptide vaccine) in 511 patients in Study MDX010-20; YERVOY 10 mg/kg as a single agent in 471 patients in Study CA184-029; YERVOY 1 mg/kg administered with nivolumab 3 mg/kg in 1,362 patients in CHECKMATE-214, CHECKMATE-142, CHECKMATE-227, and CHECKMATE-743; YERVOY 3 mg/kg administered with nivolumab 1 mg/kg in 456 patients enrolled in CHECKMATE-067, CHECKMATE-040, and another randomized trial; and to YERVOY 1 mg/kg, administered in combination with nivolumab and platinum-doublet chemotherapy in CHECKMATE-9LA.

Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma

The safety of YERVOY was evaluated in 643 previously treated patients with unresectable or metastatic melanoma in Study MDX010-20 [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. Study MDX010-20 excluded patients with active autoimmune disease or those receiving systemic immunosuppression for organ transplantation. Patients received YERVOY 3 mg/kg by intravenous infusion for 4 doses as a single agent (n=131), YERVOY with an investigational gp100 peptide vaccine (n=380), or gp100 peptide vaccine as a single agent (n=132). Patients in the trial received a median of 4 doses (range: 1 to 4 doses).

The trial population characteristics were: median age 57 years (range: 19 to 90), 59% male, 94% White, and baseline ECOG performance status 0 (56%).

YERVOY was discontinued for adverse reactions in 10% of patients. Table 4 presents adverse reactions from Study MDX010-20.

Table 4: Selected Adverse Reactions (≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving YERVOY with a Difference Between Arms of >5% for All Grades and >1% for Grades 3 to 5 Compared to gp100 Peptide Vaccine in Study MDX010-20

Adverse Reactions

YERVOY 3 mg/kg

n=131

YERVOY 3 mg/kg and gp100

n=380

gp100

n=132

All Grades (%)

Grade
3 to 5 (%)

All Grades

(%)

Grade
3 to 5 (%)

All Grades (%)

Grade
3 to 5 (%)

General and Administration-Site Conditions

     Fatigue

41

7

34

5

31

3

Gastrointestinal

     Diarrhea

32

5

37

4

20

1

     Colitis

8

5

5

3

2

0

Dermatologic

     Pruritus

31

0

21

<1

11

0

     Rash

29

2

25

2

8

0

Unresectable or Metastatic Melanoma: In Combination with Nivolumab

The safety of YERVOY, administered with nivolumab or as a single agent, was evaluated in CHECKMATE-067, a randomized (1:1:1), double-blind trial in 937 patients with previously untreated, unresectable or metastatic melanoma [see Clinical Studies (14.1)]. The trial excluded patients with autoimmune disease, a medical condition requiring systemic treatment with corticosteroids (more than 10 mg daily prednisone equivalent) or other immunosuppressive medication within 14 days of the start of study therapy, a positive test result for hepatitis B or C, or a history of HIV.

Patients were randomized to receive:

  • YERVOY 3 mg/kg by intravenous infusion over 90 minutes with nivolumab 1 mg/kg by intravenous infusion every 3 weeks for 4 doses followed by nivolumab as a single agent at a dose of 3 mg/kg by intravenous infusion every 2 weeks (YERVOY and nivolumab arm; n=313), or
  • Nivolumab 3 mg/kg by intravenous infusion every 2 weeks (nivolumab arm; n=313), or
  • YERVOY 3 mg/kg by intravenous infusion over 90 minutes every 3 weeks for up to 4 doses (YERVOY arm; n=311).

The median duration of exposure to nivolumab was 2.8 months (range: 1 day to 36.4 months) for the YERVOY and nivolumab arm. In the YERVOY and nivolumab arm, 39% were exposed to nivolumab for ≥6 months and 30% exposed for >1 year.

Serious adverse reactions (74%), adverse reactions leading to permanent discontinuation (47%) or to dosing delays (58%), and Grade 3 or 4 adverse reactions (72%) occurred in patients treated with YERVOY and nivolumab.

The most frequent (≥10%) serious adverse reactions in the YERVOY and nivolumab arm were diarrhea (13%), colitis (10%), and pyrexia (10%). The most frequent adverse reactions leading to discontinuation of both drugs in the YERVOY and nivolumab arm were colitis (10%), diarrhea (8%), increased ALT (4.8%), increased AST (4.5%), and pneumonitis (1.9%).

The most common (≥20%) adverse reactions in the YERVOY and nivolumab arm were fatigue, diarrhea, rash, nausea, pyrexia, pruritus, musculoskeletal pain, vomiting, decreased appetite, cough, headache, dyspnea, upper respiratory tract infection, arthralgia, and increased transaminases.

Tables 5 and 6 summarize the incidence of adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities, respectively, in CHECKMATE-067.

Table 5: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥10% of Patients on the YERVOY and Nivolumab Arm or the Nivolumab Arm and at a Higher Incidence than in the YERVOY Arm (Between Arm Difference of ≥5% All Grades or ≥2% Grades 3-4) - CHECKMATE-067
Toxicity was graded per NCI CTCAE v4.
a Includes asthenia and fatigue.
b Includes pustular rash, dermatitis, acneiform dermatitis, allergic dermatitis, atopic dermatitis, bullous dermatitis, exfoliative dermatitis, psoriasiform dermatitis, drug eruption, exfoliative rash, erythematous rash, generalized rash, macular rash, maculopapular rash, morbilliform rash, papular rash, papulosquamous rash, and pruritic rash.
c Includes back pain, bone pain, musculoskeletal chest pain, musculoskeletal discomfort, myalgia, neck pain, pain in extremity, and spinal pain.
d Includes upper respiratory tract infection, nasopharyngitis, pharyngitis, and rhinitis.
e Includes hypertension and blood pressure increased.

Adverse Reaction

YERVOY and
Nivolumab
(n=313)


Nivolumab

(n=313)


YERVOY

(n=311)

All Grades (%)

Grades
3-4 (%)

All Grades (%)

Grades
3-4 (%)

All Grades (%)

Grades
3-4 (%)

General

     Fatiguea

62

7

59

1.6

51

4.2

     Pyrexia

40

1.6

16

0

18

0.6

Gastrointestinal

     Diarrhea

54

11

36

5

47

7

     Nausea

44

3.8

30

0.6

31

1.9

     Vomiting

31

3.8

20

1.0

17

1.6

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

     Rashb

53

6

40

1.9

42

3.5

     Vitiligo

9

0

10

0.3

5

0

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue

     Musculoskeletal painc

32

2.6

42

3.8

36

1.9

     Arthralgia

21

0.3

21

1.0

16

0.3

Metabolism and Nutrition

     Decreased appetite

29

1.9

22

0

24

1.3

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal

     Cough/productive cough

27

0.3

28

0.6

22

0

     Dyspnea/exertional dyspnea

24

2.9

18

1.3

17

0.6

Infections

     Upper respiratory tract infectiond

23

0

22

0.3

17

0

Endocrine

     Hypothyroidism

19

0.6

11

0

5

0

     Hyperthyroidism

11

1.3

6

0

1

0

Investigations

     Decreased weight

12

0

7

0

7

0.3

Vascular

     Hypertensione

7

2.2

11

5

9

2.3

Clinically important adverse reactions in <10% of patients who received YERVOY with nivolumab:

Gastrointestinal Disorders: stomatitis, intestinal perforation

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue Disorders: vitiligo

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue Disorders: myopathy, Sjogren’s syndrome, spondyloarthropathy, myositis (including polymyositis)

Nervous System Disorders: neuritis, peroneal nerve palsy

Table 6: Laboratory Abnormalities Worsening from Baselinea Occurring in ≥20% of Patients Treated with YERVOY with Nivolumab or Single-Agent Nivolumab and at a Higher Incidence than in the YERVOY Arm (Between Arm Difference of ≥5% All Grades or ≥2% Grades 3-4) - CHECKMATE-067
a Each test incidence is based on the number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement available: YERVOY and nivolumab (range: 75 to 297); nivolumab (range: 81 to 306); YERVOY (range: 61 to 301)

Laboratory Abnormality

YERVOY and
Nivolumab


Nivolumab


YERVOY

All Grades (%)

Grade
3-4 (%)

All Grades (%)

Grade
3-4 (%)

All Grades (%)

Grade
3-4 (%)

Chemistry

     Increased ALT

55

16

25

3.0

29

2.7

     Hyperglycemia

53

5

46

7

26

0

     Increased AST

52

13

29

3.7

29

1.7

     Hyponatremia

45

10

22

3.3

26

7

     Increased lipase

43

22

32

12

24

7

     Increased alkaline phosphatase

41

6

27

2.0

23

2.0

     Hypocalcemia

31

1.1

15

0.7

20

0.7

     Increased amylase

27

10

19

2.7

15

1.6

     Increased creatinine

26

2.7

19

0.7

17

1.3

Hematology

     Anemia

52

2.7

41

2.6

41

6

     Lymphopenia

39

5

41

4.9

29

4.0

Adjuvant Treatment of Melanoma

The safety of YERVOY was evaluated in 945 patients with resected Stage IIIA (>1 mm nodal involvement), IIIB, and IIIC (with no in-transit metastases) cutaneous melanoma in Study CA184-029 [see Clinical Studies (14.2)]. Study CA184-029 excluded patients with prior systemic therapy for melanoma, autoimmune disease, a condition requiring systemic immunosuppression, or a positive test for hepatitis B, hepatitis C, or HIV. Patients received YERVOY 10 mg/kg (n=471) or placebo (n=474) administered as an intravenous infusion for 4 doses every 3 weeks followed by 10 mg/kg every 12 weeks beginning at Week 24 up to a maximum of 3 years. In this trial, 36% of patients received YERVOY for longer than 6 months and 26% of patients received YERVOY for longer than 1 year. YERVOY-treated patients in the trial received a median of 4 doses (range: 1 to 16).

The trial population characteristics were: median age 51 years (range: 18 to 84 years), 62% male, 99% White, and baseline ECOG performance status 0 (94%).

YERVOY was discontinued for adverse reactions in 52% of patients. Table 7 presents selected adverse reactions from Study CA184-029.

Table 7: Adverse Reactions (≥ 5%) in Patients Receiving YERVOY with a Difference Between Arms >5% Compared to Placebo in Study CA184-029

Adverse Reaction

YERVOY 10 mg/kg
n=471

Placebo
n=474

All Grades (%)

Grade 3 to 5 (%)

All Grades (%)

Grade 3 to 5 (%)

Dermatologic

     Rash

50

2.1

20

0

     Pruritus

45

2.3

15

0

Gastrointestinal

     Diarrhea

49

10

30

2.1

     Nausea

25

0.2

18

0

     Colitis

16

8

1.5

0.4

     Vomiting

13

0.4

6

0.2

General and Administration-Site Conditions

     Fatigue

46

2.3

38

1.5

     Weight Decreased

32

0.2

9

0.4

     Pyrexia

18

1.1

4.9

0.2

Nervous System

     Headache

33

0.8

18

0.2

Metabolism and Nutrition

     Decreased Appetite

14

0.2

3.4

0.2

Psychiatric

     Insomnia

10

0

4.4

0

Table 8 presents selected laboratory abnormalities from Study CA184-029.

Table 8: Laboratory Abnormalities (>5%) Worsening from Baseline in Patients Receiving YERVOY with a Difference Between Arms of >5% Compared to Placebo in CA184-029a
a Each test incidence is based on the number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement available. Excluding lipase and amylase, YERVOY group (range: 466 to 470 patients) and placebo group (range: 472 to 474 patients). For lipase and amylase, YERVOY group (range: 447 to 448 patients) and placebo group (range: 462 to 464 patients).

Laboratory Abnormality

YERVOY 10 mg/kga

Placeboa

All Grades
(%)

Grade 3 to 4

(%)

All Grades
(%)

Grade 3 to 4
(%)

Chemistry

    Increased ALT

46

10

16

0

    Increased AST

38

9

14

0.2

    Increased lipase

26

9

17

4.5

    Increased amylase

17

2.0

7

0.6

    Increased alkaline phosphatase

17

0.6

6

0.2

    Increased bilirubin

11

1.5

9

0

    Increased creatinine

10

0.2

6

0

Hematology

    Decreased hemoglobin

25

0.2

14

0

Other Clinical Experience

Across clinical studies in which patients received YERVOY as a single agent at doses ranging from 0.3 to 10 mg/kg, the following adverse reactions were also reported (incidence <1% unless otherwise noted): urticaria (2%), large intestinal ulcer, esophagitis, acute respiratory distress syndrome, renal failure, and infusion reaction.

Advanced Renal Cell Carcinoma: In Combination with Nivolumab

The safety of YERVOY in combination with nivolumab was evaluated in 1082 patients with previously untreated advanced RCC in CHECKMATE-214 [see Clinical Studies (14.3)]. Patients received YERVOY 1 mg/kg with nivolumab 3 mg/kg intravenously every 3 weeks for 4 doses followed by nivolumab as a single agent at a dose of 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks (n=547) or sunitinib 50 mg orally daily for first 4 weeks of each 6-week cycle (n=535). The median duration of treatment was 7.9 months (range: 1 day to 21.4+ months) in YERVOY and nivolumab arm. In this trial, 57% of patients in the YERVOY and nivolumab arm were exposed to treatment for greater than 6 months and 38% of patients were exposed to treatment for greater than 1 year.

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 59% of patients receiving YERVOY with nivolumab. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in ≥2% of patients treated with YERVOY and nivolumab were diarrhea, pyrexia, pneumonia, pneumonitis, hypophysitis, acute kidney injury, dyspnea, adrenal insufficiency, and colitis.

In patients who received YERVOY with nivolumab, study therapy was discontinued for adverse reactions in 31% and delayed for adverse reactions in 54%.

The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in the YERVOY and nivolumab arm were fatigue, rash, diarrhea, musculoskeletal pain, pruritus, nausea, cough, pyrexia, arthralgia, vomiting, dyspnea, and decreased appetite. Table 9 summarizes adverse reactions in CHECKMATE-214.

Table 9: Adverse Reactions (>15%) in Patients Receiving YERVOY and Nivolumab in CHECKMATE-214
Toxicity was graded per NCI CTCAE v4.
a Includes asthenia.
b Includes peripheral edema, peripheral swelling.
c Includes dermatitis described as acneiform, bullous, and exfoliative, drug eruption, rash described as exfoliative, erythematous, follicular, generalized, macular, maculopapular, papular, pruritic, and pustular, fixed-drug eruption.
d Includes back pain, bone pain, musculoskeletal chest pain, musculoskeletal discomfort, myalgia, neck pain, pain in extremity, spinal pain.

Adverse Reaction

YERVOY 1 mg/kg and Nivolumab
n=547

Sunitinib
n=535

Grades 1-4

(%)

Grades 3-4

(%)

Grades 1-4

(%)

Grades 3-4

(%)

General and Administration Site Conditions

     Fatiguea

58

8

69

13

     Pyrexia

25

0.7

17

0.6

     Edemab

16

0.5

17

0.6

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

     Rashc

39

3.7

25

1.1

     Pruritus/generalized pruritus

33

0.5

11

0

Gastrointestinal

     Diarrhea

38

4.6

58

6

     Nausea

30

2.0

43

1.5

     Vomiting

20

0.9

28

2.1

     Abdominal pain

19

1.6

24

1.9

     Constipation

17

0.4

18

0

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue

     Musculoskeletal paind

37

4.0

40

2.6

     Arthralgia

23

1.3

16

0

Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal

     Cough/productive cough

28

0.2

25

0.4

     Dyspnea/exertional dyspnea

20

2.4

21

2.1

Metabolism and Nutrition

     Decreased appetite

21

1.8

29

0.9

Nervous System

     Headache

19

0.9

23

0.9

Endocrine

     Hypothyroidism

18

0.4

27

0.2

Table 10 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities in CHECKMATE-214.

Table 10: Laboratory Abnormalities (>15%) Worsening from Baseline in Patients Receiving YERVOY and Nivolumab in CHECKMATE-214
a Each test incidence is based on the number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement available: nivolumab and YERVOY group (range: 490 to 538 patients) and sunitinib group (range: 485 to 523 patients).

Laboratory Abnormality

YERVOY 1 mg/kg and Nivolumaba

Sunitiniba

Grades 1-4
(%)

Grades 3-4
(%)

Grades 1-4
(%)

Grades 3-4
(%)

Chemistry

     Increased lipase

48

20

51

20

     Increased creatinine

42

2.1

46

1.7

     Increased ALT

41

7

44

2.7

     Increased AST

40

4.8

60

2.1

     Increased amylase

39

12

33

7

     Hyponatremia

39

10

36

7

     Increased alkaline phosphatase

29

2.0

32

1.0

     Hyperkalemia

29

2.4

28

2.9

     Hypocalcemia

21

0.4

35

0.6

     Hypomagnesemia

16

0.4

26

1.6

Hematology

     Anemia

43

3.0

64

9

     Lymphopenia

36

5

63

14

In addition, among patients with TSH ≤ ULN at baseline, a lower proportion of patients experienced a treatment-emergent elevation of TSH > ULN in the YERVOY with nivolumab group compared to the sunitinib group (31% and 61%, respectively).

MSI-H or dMMR Metastatic Colorectal Cancer: In Combination with Nivolumab

The safety of YERVOY with nivolumab was evaluated in 119 patients with previously treated MSI-H or dMMR mCRC in a single-arm cohort of CHECKMATE-142 [see Clinical Studies (14.4)]. All patients had received prior fluorouracil-based chemotherapy for metastatic disease; 69% had received prior treatment with a fluoropyrimidine, oxaliplatin, and irinotecan and 29% had received an anti-EGFR antibody. Patients received YERVOY 1 mg/kg and nivolumab 3 mg/kg on Day 1 of each 21-day cycle for 4 doses, then nivolumab 3 mg/kg every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity. The median duration of exposure for YERVOY was 2.1 months.

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 47% of patients receiving YERVOY and nivolumab. The most frequent serious adverse reactions reported in ≥2% of patients were colitis/diarrhea, hepatic events, abdominal pain, acute kidney injury, pyrexia, and dehydration.

The most common adverse reactions (≥20%) in the YERVOY and nivolumab cohort were fatigue, diarrhea, pyrexia, musculoskeletal pain, abdominal pain, pruritus, nausea, rash, decreased appetite, and vomiting. Table 11 summarizes adverse reactions in CHECKMATE-142.

Table 11: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥10% of Patients (CHECKMATE-142)
Toxicity was graded per NCI CTCAE v4.
a Includes asthenia.
b Includes peripheral edema and peripheral swelling.
c Includes upper abdominal pain, lower abdominal pain, and abdominal discomfort.
d Includes back pain, pain in extremity, myalgia, neck pain, and bone pain.
e Includes dermatitis, dermatitis acneiform, and rash described as maculo-papular, erythematous, and generalized.
f Includes nasopharyngitis and rhinitis.

Adverse Reaction

YERVOY and Nivolumab MSI-H/dMMR Cohort

(n=119)

All Grades (%)

Grades 3-4 (%)

General and Administration Site Conditions

     Fatiguea

49

6

     Pyrexia

36

0

     Edemab

7

0

Gastrointestinal

     Diarrhea

45

3.4

     Abdominal painc

30

5

     Nausea

26

0.8

     Vomiting

20

1.7

     Constipation

15

0

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue

     Musculoskeletal paind

36

3.4

     Arthralgia

14

0.8

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

     Pruritus

28

1.7

     Rashe

25

4.2

     Dry Skin

11

0

Infections and Infestations

     Upper respiratory tract infectionf

9

0

Metabolism and Nutrition

     Decreased appetite

20

1.7

Respiratory, Thoracic, and Mediastinal

     Cough

19

0.8

     Dyspnea

13

1.7

Nervous System

     Headache

17

1.7

     Dizziness

11

0

Endocrine

     Hyperglycemia

6

1

     Hypothyroidism

14

0.8

     Hyperthyroidism

12

0

Investigations

     Weight decreased

10

0

Psychiatric

     Insomnia

13

0.8

Other clinically important adverse reactions reported in <10% of patients receiving YERVOY in CHECKMATE-142 were encephalitis (0.8%), necrotizing myositis (0.8%), and uveitis (0.8%).

Table 12 summarizes laboratory abnormalities in CHECKMATE-142.

Table 12: Laboratory Abnormalities Worsening from Baselinea Occurring in ≥10% of Patients (CHECKMATE-142)
a Each test incidence is based on the number of patients who had both baseline and at least one on-study laboratory measurement available. Number of evaluable patients ranges from 87 to 114 for nivolumab with YERVOY and from 62 to 71 for nivolumab.

Laboratory Abnormality

YERVOY and Nivolumab MSI-H/dMMR Cohort
(n=119)

All Grades (%)

Grades 3-4 (%)

Hematology

     Anemia

42

9

     Thrombocytopenia

26

0.9

     Lymphopenia

25

6

     Neutropenia

18

0

Chemistry

     Increased AST

40

12

     Increased lipase

39

12

     Increased amylase

36

3.4

     Increased ALT

33

12

     Increased alkaline phosphatase

28

5

     Hyponatremia

26

5

     Increased creatinine

25

3.6

     Hyperkalemia

23

0.9

     Increased bilirubin

21

5

     Hypomagnesemia

18

0

     Hypocalcemia

16

0

     Hypokalemia

15

1.8

Hepatocellular Carcinoma: In Combination with Nivolumab

The safety of YERVOY 3 mg/kg in combination with nivolumab 1 mg/kg was evaluated in a subgroup of 49 patients with HCC and Child-Pugh Class A cirrhosis who progressed on or were intolerant to sorafenib enrolled in Cohort 4 of CHECKMATE-040. YERVOY and nivolumab were administered every 3 weeks for four doses, followed by single-agent nivolumab 240 mg every 2 weeks until disease progression or unacceptable toxicity.

During the YERVOY and nivolumab combination period, 33 of 49 (67%) patients received all four planned doses of YERVOY and nivolumab. During the entire treatment period, the median duration of exposure to YERVOY was 2.1 months (range: 0 to 4.5 months) and to nivolumab was 5.1 months (range: 0 to 35+ months). Forty-seven percent of patients were exposed to treatment for >6 months, and 35% of patients were exposed to treatment for >1 year. Serious adverse reactions occurred in 59% of patients. Treatment was discontinued in 29% of patients and delayed in 65% of patients for an adverse reaction.

Serious adverse reactions reported in ≥4% of patients were pyrexia, diarrhea, anemia, increased AST, adrenal insufficiency, ascites, esophageal varices hemorrhage, hyponatremia, increased blood bilirubin, and pneumonitis.

Table 13 summarizes the adverse reactions and Table 14 summarizes the laboratory abnormalities of YERVOY in combination with nivolumab in CHECKMATE-040.

Table 13: Adverse Reactions Occurring in ≥10% of Patients Receiving YERVOY in Combination with Nivolumab in Cohort 4 of CHECKMATE-040

Adverse Reaction

YERVOY and Nivolumab

(n=49)

All Grades (%)

Grades 3-4 (%)

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

     Rash

53

8

     Pruritus

53

4

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue

     Musculoskeletal pain

41

2

     Arthralgia

10

0

Gastrointestinal

     Diarrhea

39

4

     Abdominal pain

22

6

     Nausea

20

0

     Ascites

14

6

     Constipation

14

0

     Dry mouth

12

0

     Dyspepsia

12

2

     Vomiting

12

2

     Stomatitis

10

0

Respiratory, Thoracic and Mediastinal

     Cough

37

0

     Dyspnea

14

0

     Pneumonitis

10

2

Metabolism and Nutrition

     Decreased appetite

35

2

General

     Fatigue

27

2

     Pyrexia

27

0

     Malaise

18

2

     Edema

16

2

     Influenza-like illness

14

0

     Chills

10

0

Nervous System

     Headache

22

0

     Dizziness

20

0

Endocrine

     Hypothyroidism

20

0

     Adrenal insufficiency

18

4

Investigations

     Weight decreased

20

0

Psychiatric

     Insomnia

18

0

Blood and Lymphatic System

     Anemia

10

4

Infections

     Influenza

10

2

Vascular

     Hypotension

10

0

Clinically important adverse reactions reported in <10% of patients receiving YERVOY with nivolumab were hyperglycemia (8%), colitis (4%), and increased blood creatine phosphokinase (2%).

Table 14: Select Laboratory Abnormalities (≥10%) Worsening from Baseline in Patients Receiving YERVOY in Combination with Nivolumab in Cohort 4 of CHECKMATE-040

Laboratory Abnormality

YERVOY and Nivolumab

(n=47)

All Grades (%)

Grades 3-4 (%)

Hematology

     Lymphopenia

53

13

     Anemia

43

4.3

     Neutropenia

43

9

     Leukopenia

40

2.1

     Thrombocytopenia

34

4.3

Chemistry

     Increased AST

66

40

     Increased ALT

66

21

     Increased bilirubin

55

11

     Increased lipase

51

26

     Hyponatremia

49

32

     Hypocalcemia

47

0

     Increased alkaline phosphatase

40

4.3

     Increased amylase

38

15

     Hypokalemia

26

2.1

     Hyperkalemia

23

4.3

     Increased creatinine

21

0

     Hypomagnesemia

11

0

In patients who received YERVOY with nivolumab, virologic breakthrough occurred in 4 of 28 (14%) patients and 2 of 4 (50%) patients with active HBV or HCV at baseline, respectively. HBV virologic breakthrough was defined as at least a 1 log increase in HBV DNA for those patients with detectable HBV DNA at baseline. HCV virologic breakthrough was defined as a 1 log increase in HCV RNA from baseline.

First-line Treatment of Metastatic NSCLC: In Combination with Nivolumab

The safety of YERVOY in combination with nivolumab was evaluated in CHECKMATE-227, a randomized, multicenter, multi-cohort, open-label trial in patients with previously untreated metastatic or recurrent NSCLC with no EGFR or ALK genomic tumor aberrations [see Clinical Studies (14.6)]. The trial excluded patients with untreated brain metastases, carcinomatous meningitis, active autoimmune disease, or medical conditions requiring systemic immunosuppression. Patients received YERVOY 1 mg/kg by intravenous infusion over 30 minutes every 6 weeks and nivolumab 3 mg/kg by intravenous infusion over 30 minutes every 2 weeks or platinum-doublet chemotherapy every 3 weeks for 4 cycles. The median duration of therapy in YERVOY and nivolumab-treated patients was 4.2 months (range: 1 day to 25.5 months): 39% of patients received YERVOY and nivolumab for >6 months and 23% of patients received YERVOY and nivolumab for >1 year. The population characteristics were: median age 64 years (range: 26 to 87); 48% were ≥65 years of age, 76% White, and 67% male. Baseline ECOG performance status was 0 (35%) or 1 (65%), 85% were former/current smokers, 11% had brain metastases, 28% had squamous histology and 72% had non-squamous histology.

Serious adverse reactions occurred in 58% of patients. YERVOY and nivolumab were discontinued for adverse reactions in 24% of patients and 53% had at least one dose withheld for an adverse reaction.

The most frequent (≥2%) serious adverse reactions were pneumonia, diarrhea/colitis, pneumonitis, hepatitis, pulmonary embolism, adrenal insufficiency, and hypophysitis. Fatal adverse reactions occurred in 1.7% of patients; these included events of pneumonitis (4 patients), myocarditis, acute kidney injury, shock, hyperglycemia, multi-system organ failure, and renal failure. The most common (≥20%) adverse reactions were fatigue, rash, decreased appetite, musculoskeletal pain, diarrhea/colitis, dyspnea, cough, hepatitis, nausea, and pruritus.

Tables 15 and 16 summarize selected adverse reactions and laboratory abnormalities, respectively, in CHECKMATE-227.

Table 15: Adverse Reactions in ≥10% of Patients Receiving YERVOY and Nivolumab - CHECKMATE-227
a Includes fatigue and asthenia.
b Includes eyelid edema, face edema, generalized edema, localized edema, edema, edema peripheral, and periorbital edema.
c Includes autoimmune dermatitis, dermatitis, dermatitis acneiform, dermatitis allergic, dermatitis atopic, dermatitis bullous, dermatitis contact, dermatitis exfoliative, dermatitis psoriasiform, granulomatous dermatitis, rash generalized, drug eruption, dyshidrotic eczema, eczema, exfoliative rash, nodular rash, rash, rash erythematous, rash generalized, rash macular, rash maculo-papular, rash papular, rash pruritic, rash pustular, toxic skin eruption.
d Includes pruritus and pruritus generalized.
e Includes back pain, bone pain, musculoskeletal chest pain, musculoskeletal discomfort, musculoskeletal pain, myalgia, and pain in extremity.
f Includes colitis, colitis microscopic, colitis ulcerative, diarrhea, enteritis infectious, enterocolitis, enterocolitis infectious, and enterocolitis viral.
g Includes abdominal discomfort, abdominal pain, abdominal pain lower, abdominal pain upper, and abdominal tenderness.
h Includes dyspnea and dyspnea exertional.
i Includes cough and productive cough.
j Includes alanine aminotransferase increased, aspartate aminotransferase increased, autoimmune hepatitis, blood bilirubin increased, hepatic enzyme increased, hepatic failure, hepatic function abnormal, hepatitis, hepatitis E, hepatocellular injury, hepatotoxicity, hyperbilirubinemia, immune-mediated hepatitis, liver function test abnormal, liver function test increased, transaminases increased.
k Includes autoimmune thyroiditis, blood thyroid stimulating hormone increased, hypothyroidism, primary hypothyroidism, thyroiditis, and tri-iodothyronine free decreased.
l Contains blood thyroid stimulating hormone decreased, hyperthyroidism, and tri-iodothyronine free increased.
m Includes lower respiratory tract infection, lower respiratory tract infection bacterial, lung infection, pneumonia, pneumonia adenoviral, pneumonia aspiration, pneumonia bacterial, pneumonia klebsiella, pneumonia influenzal, pneumonia viral, atypical pneumonia, organizing pneumonia.

Adverse Reaction

YERVOY and Nivolumab
(n=576)

Platinum-doublet Chemotherapy
(n=570)

All Grades
(%)

Grades 3-4
(%)

All Grades
(%)

Grades 3-4
(%)

General

     Fatiguea

44

6

42

4.4

     Pyrexia

18

0.5

11

0.4

     Edemab

14

0.2

12

0.5

Skin and Subcutaneous Tissue

     Rashc

34

4.7

10

0.4

     Pruritusd

21

0.5

3.3

0

Metabolism and Nutrition

     Decreased appetite

31

2.3

26

1.4

Musculoskeletal and Connective Tissue

     Musculoskeletal paine

27

1.9

16

0.7

     Arthralgia

13

0.9

2.5

0.2

Gastrointestinal

     Diarrhea/colitisf

26

3.6

16

0.9

     Nausea

21

1.0

42