Conjunctivitis

Publication Date: February 12, 2024

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

IMPORTANT INFORMATION

This pocket guide has been archived and is no longer updated. The information below may be outdated. Please refer to AAO website for current guidelines.

Key Points

...y Point...

...s has been cited as one of the most frequent caus...


Etiology

...iology

...ssociated/Predisposing Factors for Conjuncti...


...atural History of ConjunctivitisHaving trouble...


Diagnosis

...iagnosis...

...1. Conjunctivitis...


Care Process

Care Process

...uation of a patient should include the relevan...


...ts of the evaluation may be deferred in patien...


...l eye examination includes measurem...


...amination should include regional lymph...


...-lamp biomicroscopy should include careful eva...


Fluorescein, rose bengal, or lissamine green dye...


...en dye is NOT recommended for evaluati...


...conjunctiva are indicated in all cases of...


...ultures also may be helpful for re...


...are not routinely used to establish a di...


...pected cases of adult and neonatal chlamydial co...


...for cytology and special stains (e.g., Gram, G...


...junctival biopsy may be both vision-sa...


...val biopsy and immunofluorescent staining di...


A biopsy of bulbar conjunctiva should be perfo...


...cases of suspected sebaceous carcinoma, a full-thi...


When considering a biopsy, a preoperativ...


...icroscopy may be helpful as a non-invasive tool t...


...function tests are indicated for patients with...


...Typical Clinical Signs of ConjunctivitisH...


Management

Managemen...

...mmendations for Ca...

...fected individuals should be counseled to wash...

...should be disinfected with an Environmen...

...nate use of topical antibiotics or corticostero...

...he choice of topical antibiotic agen...


Provider and Setti...

...h conjunctivitis who are evaluated by non-o...

...of patients with conjunctivitis can be treated ef...


Managem...

...an protect against some chemical and toxin...

...ct lens wearers can be instructed in appropr...

...tious conjunctivitis in neonates can be prevented...

...of ophthalmic ointment containing 0.5%...

...ne-iodine solution 2.5% may be less eff...

...ay course of antibiotics has been show...

...ected individuals should be counseled to wash hand...

...act with others is especially important for...

...ss-contamination, multiple-dose eyedrop container...

...shing procedures with antimicrobial soap...

...es on equipment can be decontaminated...

...ents recommended for routine decontamination o...

...tips should be wiped clean and then disinfect...

...disinfection, the tonometer should be thoroughly...

...n practice of wiping the tonometer tip with a 70%...

...isposable tonometer tips can also b...

...aocular pressure (IOP) can be checked using...

...on should be given to possibly deferring IOP...


Treatment

Treatm...

...nate use of topical antibiotics or corticosteroids...


Seasonal Allergic Conjunctivitis

...al Allergic Conjunctivitis...

...conjunctivitis can be treated with an ove...


...he condition is frequently recurrent or persi...


...tions combine antihistamine activity with ma...


...are not adequately controlled, a brief course (...


...tency and frequency of corticosteroid...


Ketorolac has been FDA-approved for t...


Additional measures include using artif...


...s washing and bathing/showering before bedti...


...th an allergist or dermatologist may be help...


...se of topical mast cell inhibitors...


...l corticosteroid therapy, however, is not e...


...ollow-up visits is based on the severit...


...sit should include an interval history, measurem...


...ids are used in chronic or recurrent conjunct...


...e 5. Topical Medications for Seasonal Al...