Post-Prematurity Respiratory Disease

Publication Date: December 10, 2021

Key Points

Key Points

  • Premature birth affects millions of neonates each year, placing them at risk for respiratory disease due to prematurity.
  • Bronchopulmonary dysplasia (BPD) is the most common chronic lung disease of infancy, but recent data suggest that even premature infants who do not meet the strict definition of BPD can develop adverse pulmonary outcomes later in life.
  • This post-prematurity respiratory disease (PPRD) manifests as chronic respiratory symptoms including cough, recurrent wheezing, exercise limitation, and reduced pulmonary function.

Treatment

...eatment...

...endation 1aFor infants, children, and...


...ndation 1bFor infants, children, and adolesc...


...endation 2aFor infants, children,...


...endation 2bFor infants, children, and ad...


...3aFor infants, children, and adolescen...


...ation 3bFor infants with PPRD who are discharged f...


...on 4aFor infants with PPRD who are...


...4bFor infants, children, and adole...


...cWhen a PSG is indicated but not availab...


...mmendation 5For infants, children, and ad...


...dation 6For infants, children, and adole...


Recommendation 7aFor infants, children, and adoles...


...7bThe ATS suggests that unsedated, dynamic airway...


Figure 1. Patients with PPRD and Concern for Tracheobronchomalacia

...ients with PPRD and Concern for Trache...