Operator and Institutional Requirements for PFO Closure for Secondary Prevention of Paradoxical Embolic Stroke

Authoring Organization

Endorsing Organization

Publication Month/Year

March 21, 2019

Last Updated Month/Year

November 28, 2022

Document Type


External Publication Status


Country of Publication


Document Objectives

Recommendations for institutional infrastructure and individual skills necessary to initiate and maintain an active PFO/stroke program, with emphasis on shared decision making and patientā€centered care

Inclusion Criteria

Female, Male, Adult, Older adult

Health Care Settings

Hospital, Operating and recovery room

Intended Users

Nurse, nurse practitioner, physician, physician assistant


Diagnosis, Management, Treatment

Diseases/Conditions (MeSH)

D020521 - Stroke, D004694 - Endocardial Cushion Defects


Stroke Prevention, ASD, pda, pfo, PFO, PDA

Source Citation

Horlick, E,  Kavinsky, CJ,  Amin, Z, et al.  SCAI expert consensus statement on operator and institutional requirements for PFO closure for secondary prevention of paradoxical embolic stroke. Catheter Cardiovasc Interv.  2019; 93: 859– 874. https://doi.org/10.1002/ccd.28111