Animals in Healthcare Facilities

Publication Date: May 1, 2015

Key Points

Key Points

Table 1. Selected Diseases Transmitted by Dogs Stratifed by Transmission Route

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Transmission Route Selected Diseases
Direct contact (bites) Rabies (rabies virus)
Capnocytophaga canimorsus infection
Pasteurellosis (Pasteurella spp.)
Staphylococcus aureus, including methicillin-resistant strains
Streptococcus spp. infection
Direct or indirect contact Flea bites, mites
Fungal infection (Malassezia pachydermatis, Microsporum canis, Trichophyton mentagrophytes)
Staphylococcus aureus infection
Mites (Cheyletiellidae, Sarcoptidae)
Fecal-oral Campylobacteriosis (Campylobacter spp.)
Paratyphoid (Salmonella spp.)
Giardiasis (Giardia duodenalis)
Salmonellosis (Salmonella enterica subsp enterica serotypes)
Droplet Mycobacterium tuberculosis
Vector-borne Ticks (dogs passively carry ticks to humans; disease not transmitted directly from dog to human)
  • Rocky Mountain spotted fever (Rickettsia ricksettsii)
  • Ehrlichiosis (Ehrlichia spp.)
Fleas
  • Dipylidium caninum
  • Bartonella henselae

Animal-Assisted Activities

...l-Assisted Activitie...

...f Management of an Animal-Assisted Activities Prog...


...g and Management of Animal-Assisted A...


.... Requirements of Acceptable Animals for Anim...


...reparing Animals for VisitsA. Require tha...


...ing Appropriate Contact Between Animals...


...Contact TracingA. The facility shou...


...II. Environmental CleaningA.Practice ro...


Service Animals

...ervice Ani...

...ituations sometimes arise in which a patien...


...thcare facility should have a policy regar...


...ith disabilities may be requested but no...


...s in which a service animal may be excluded...


Research Animals

...rch Animals...

...view and Approval...


...ing A....


...ansportation...


...Procedures in Patient-Care Areas...


.... Equipment A...


...Cleanup/Waste Disposal...


...Procedures...


...s A. Spe...


Personal Pet Visitation

...nal Pet Visitation...

...thcare facility should have a policy reg...


.... Pets should, in general, be prohibited...


...ons where visitation with a pet might be...


...ion by a pet is different than anima...


...e of restriction should take into consideratio...


...re facilities that permit a single pet visitat...


.... An appropriate site for pet visitatio...


Other Uses of Animals in Healthcare

...r Uses of Animals in Healt...

...leeches are used, they should be purchase...


...Fish tanks in hospitals should not...


...maggot debridement therapy is used, only appropr...


...oo animal events should not be allowed in a heal...


Table 2. Summary of Animals in Healthcare Classification and Selected Recommendations

...of Animals in Healthcare Classification and Selec...