Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated Events, and Nonventilator Hospital-Acquired Pneumonia in Acute-Care Hospitals

Authoring Organizations

Publication Month/Year

May 20, 2022

Supplemental Implementation Tools

Document Type


Country of Publication


Document Objectives

The purpose of this document is to highlight practical recommendations to assist acute care hospitals to prioritize and implement strategies to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP), ventilator-associated events (VAE), and non-ventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia (NV-HAP) in adults, children, and neonates. This document updates the Strategies to Prevent Ventilator-Associated Pneumonia in Acute Care Hospitals published in 2014.

Inclusion Criteria

Male, Female, Adolescent, Adult, Child, Older adult

Health Care Settings

Emergency care, Hospital, Operating and recovery room

Intended Users

Epidemiology infection prevention, nurse, nurse practitioner, physician, physician assistant


Management, Prevention

Diseases/Conditions (MeSH)

D053717 - Pneumonia, Ventilator-Associated, D000077299 - Healthcare-Associated Pneumonia


hospital-acquired pneumonia, ventilator-associated pneumonia, HAP, VAP

Source Citation

Klompas M, Branson R, Cawcutt K, Crist M, Eichenwald EC, Greene LR, Lee G, Maragakis LL, Powell K, Priebe GP, Speck K, Yokoe DS, Berenholtz SM. Strategies to prevent ventilator-associated pneumonia, ventilator-associated events, and nonventilator hospital-acquired pneumonia in acute-care hospitals: 2022 Update. Infect Control Hosp Epidemiol. 2022 May 20:1-27. doi: 10.1017/ice.2022.88. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 35589091.


Number of Source Documents
Literature Search Start Date
January 1, 2012
Literature Search End Date
August 1, 2021