Diagnosis and Treatment of Vertebrogenic Pain with Basivertebral Nerve Ablation

Authoring Organization

Publication Month/Year

August 26, 2022

Last Updated Month/Year

February 13, 2024

Supplemental Implementation Tools

Document Type


Country of Publication


Document Objectives

Chronic low back pain is a worldwide leading cause of pain and disability. Degenerative disc disease has been the presumptive etiology in the majority of cases of chronic low back pain (CLBP). More recent study and treatments have discovered that the vertebral endplates play a large role in CLBP in a term defined as vertebrogenic back pain. As the vertebral endplates are highly innervated via the basivertebral nerve (BVN), this has resulted in a reliable target in treating patients suffering from vertebrogenic low back pain (VLBP). The application of BVN ablation for patients suffering from VLBP is still in its early stages of adoption and integration into spine care pathways. BVN ablation is grounded in a solid foundation of both pre-clinical and clinical evidence. With the emergence of this therapeutic option, the American Society of Pain and Neuroscience (ASPN) identified the need for formal evidence-based guidelines for the proper identification and selection of patients for BVN ablation in patients with VLBP. ASPN formed a multidisciplinary work group tasked to examine the available literature and form best practice guidelines on this subject. Based on the United States Preventative Task Force (USPSTF) criteria for grading evidence, gives BVN ablation Level A grade evidence with high certainty that the net benefit is substantial in appropriately selected individuals.

Inclusion Criteria

Male, Female, Adult, Older adult

Health Care Settings

Ambulatory, Outpatient, Operating and recovery room

Intended Users

Nurse, nurse practitioner, physician, physician assistant


Vertebrogenic Pain, Basivertebral Nerve Ablation

Source Citation

Sayed D, Naidu RK, Patel KV, Strand NH, Mehta P, Lam CM, Tieppo Francio V, Sheth S, Giuffrida A, Durkin B, Khatri N, Vodapally S, James CO, Westerhaus BD, Rupp A, Abdullah NM, Amirdelfan K, Petersen EA, Beall DP, Deer TR. Best Practice Guidelines on the Diagnosis and Treatment of Vertebrogenic Pain with Basivertebral Nerve Ablation from the American Society of Pain and Neuroscience. J Pain Res. 2022;15:2801-2819 https://doi.org/10.2147/JPR.S378544