Last updated March 15, 2022

Infrastructure and Routine Practices for Occupational Infection Prevention and Control Services

Recommendations

For healthcare organization leaders and administrators

1.a. Invest in an organizational culture that prioritizes safety and occupational infection prevention and control.
1.b. Regularly review organizational information about occupational infectious risks, exposures, and illnesses with occupational health services.
1.c. Dedicate one or more persons with appropriate authority and training to lead occupational infection prevention and control services.
1.d. Provide sufficient resources (e.g., expertise, funding, staff, supplies, information technology) to implement elements of occupational infection prevention and control:
• Leadership and management,
• Communication and collaboration,
• Assessment and reduction of risks for infection among healthcare personnel populations,
• Medical evaluations,
• Occupational infection prevention and control education and training,
• Immunization programs,
• Management of potentially infectious exposures and illnesses, and
• Management of healthcare personnel health records.
1.e. Oversee, and include occupational health services leaders in, performance measurement and continuous quality improvement activities for occupational infection prevention and control services.
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For occupational health services leaders and staff

1.f. Promote an organizational culture with a consistent focus on safety and occupational infection prevention and control.
1.g. Develop occupational infection prevention and control services that are tailored to the needs of healthcare personnel and the environment in which they work.
1.h. Develop, review, and update when necessary, written policies and procedures that adhere to federal, state, and local requirements for elements of occupational infection prevention and control services:
• Leadership and management,
• Communication and collaboration,
• Assessment and reduction of risks for infection among healthcare personnel populations, 
• Medical evaluations,
• Occupational infection prevention and control education and training,
• Immunization programs,
• Management of potentially infectious exposures and illnesses, and
• Management of healthcare personnel health records.
1.i. Inform all healthcare personnel and relevant healthcare organization departments about occupational infection prevention and control policies and procedures.
1.j. Collaborate with appropriate healthcare organization departments and individuals to:
1.j.1. Achieve compliance with regulations related to occupational infection prevention and control.
1.j.2. Develop infectious disease emergency and outbreak management plans.
1.j.3. Develop and monitor performance measures for occupational infection prevention and control services that include the proportion of healthcare personnel with documented evidence of immunity and the proportion of healthcare personnel vaccinated, as appropriate, for each vaccine-preventable disease recommended for healthcare personnel by the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices (ACIP).
1.j.4. Set and meet quality improvement goals for occupational infection prevention and control services and report performance measures and areas for improvement to management.
1.j.5. Periodically assess the effectiveness of occupational infection prevention and control services.
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Recommendation Grading

Overview

Title

Infrastructure and Routine Practices for Occupational Infection Prevention and Control Services

Authoring Organization

Endorsing Organizations

Publication Month/Year

January 1, 2019

Document Type

Guideline

External Publication Status

Published

Country of Publication

US

Inclusion Criteria

Female, Male, Adolescent, Adult, Older adult

Health Care Settings

Ambulatory, Outpatient

Intended Users

Physician, healthcare business administration, nurse, nurse practitioner, physician assistant

Scope

Prevention, Management, Treatment

Diseases/Conditions (MeSH)

D017053 - Infection Control

Keywords

infection prevention, infection control, risk infection, Control Services, Infrastructure

Source Citation

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention. Infection Control in Healthcare Personnel: Infrastructure and Routine Practices for Occupational Infection Prevention and Control Services. 2019. (https://www.cdc.gov/infectioncontrol/guidelines/healthcare-personnel/index.html)

Methodology

Number of Source Documents
667
Literature Search Start Date
January 1, 2004
Literature Search End Date
December 1, 2015