Endoscopic Submucosal Dissection for the Management of Early Esophageal and Gastric Cancers
July 25, 2023
Country of Publication
This clinical practice guideline from the American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy (ASGE) provides an evidence-based summary and recommendations regarding the role of endoscopic submucosal dissection (ESD) in the management of early esophageal and gastric cancers. It is accompanied by the document subtitled “Methodology and Review of Evidence,” which provides a detailed account of the methodology used for the evidence review. This guideline was developed using the Grading of Recommendations, Assessment, Development and Evaluation framework and specifically addresses the role of ESD versus endoscopic mucosal resection (EMR) and/or surgery, where applicable, for the management of early esophageal squamous cell carcinoma (ESCC), esophageal adenocarcinoma (EAC), and gastric adenocarcinoma (GAC) and their corresponding precursor lesions. For ESCC, the ASGE suggests ESD over EMR for patients with early-stage, well-differentiated, nonulcerated cancer >15 mm, whereas in patients with similar lesions ≤15 mm, the ASGE suggests either ESD or EMR. The ASGE suggests against surgery for such patients with ESCC, whenever possible. For EAC, the ASGE suggests ESD over EMR for patients with early-stage, well-differentiated, nonulcerated cancer >20 mm, whereas in patients with similar lesions measuring ≤20 mm, the ASGE suggests either ESD or EMR. For GAC, the ASGE suggests ESD over EMR for patients with early-stage, well- or moderately differentiated, nonulcerated intestinal type cancer measuring 20 to 30 mm, whereas for patients with similar lesions <20 mm, the ASGE suggests either ESD or EMR. The ASGE suggests against surgery for patients with such lesions measuring ≤30 mm, whereas for lesions that are poorly differentiated, regardless of size, we suggest surgical evaluation over endoscopic approaches.
Male, Female, Adult, Older adult
Health Care Settings
Hospital, Outpatient, Operating and recovery room
Nurse, nurse practitioner, physician, physician assistant
D004938 - Esophageal Neoplasms, D005770 - Gastrointestinal Neoplasms
Esophageal cancer, Gastroesophageal cancer, endoscopic submucosal dissection, gastric cancer
Forbes N, Elhanafi SE, Al-Haddad MA, Thosani NC, Draganov PV, Othman MO, Ceppa EP, Kaul V, Feely MM, Sahin I, Buxbaum JL, Calderwood AH, Chalhoub JM, Coelho-Prabhu N, Desai M, Fujii-Lau LL, Kohli DR, Kwon RS, Machicado JD, Marya NB, Pawa S, Ruan W, Sheth SG, Storm AC, Thiruvengadam NR, Qumseya BJ; (ASGE Standards of Practice Committee Chair). American Society for Gastrointestinal Endoscopy guideline on endoscopic submucosal dissection for the management of early esophageal and gastric cancers: summary and recommendations. Gastrointest Endosc. 2023 Jul 25:S0016-5107(23)00355-3. doi: 10.1016/j.gie.2023.03.015. Epub ahead of print. PMID: 37498266.