Diagnosis and Treatment of Botulism

Publication Date: May 7, 2021
Last Updated: November 27, 2023


Consider botulism when myasthenia gravis or Guillain-Barré syndrome are suspected and in a patient with unexplained symmetric cranial nerve palsies, with or without paresis of other muscles.

Conduct thorough, serial neurologic examinations to detect the neurologic deficits of botulism and their progression.

If botulism is suspected, immediately contact the local or state health department’s emergency on-call staff to arrange an emergency expert clinical consultation and, when indicated, request botulinum antitoxin from CDC.



Diagnosis and Treatment of Botulism

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