Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother

Publication Date: November 1, 2017
Last Updated: March 14, 2022


There is little rigorous information in the scientific literature about anesthesia or procedural sedation in breastfeeding mothers. Recommendations in this area typically focus on pharmacologic properties of anesthetic agents, limited studies of milk levels, and rare infant effects. In addition to medication concerns, additional perioperative considerations may impact a breastfeeding dyad’s continued breastfeeding success when a mother undergoes anesthesia or sedation. Despite the lack of controlled studies regarding outcomes of breastfeeding in mothers receiving anesthesia, multiple review articles conclude that most mothers may safely breastfeed immediately following anesthesia. (IV)



Analgesia and Anesthesia for the Breastfeeding Mother

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