Microscopic Colitis

Publication Date: January 1, 2016

Key Points

Key Points

Microscopic colitis is characterized by chronic watery diarrhea caused by inflammation in the colon and diagnosed by colonic biopsy.

The reported prevalence of microscopic colitis ranges from 48–219 per 100,000.

There is a predilection for those ≥60 years of age.

There are 2 subtypes: lymphocytic colitis and collagenous colitis. There is a female predominance in the latter.

Microscopic colitis is not associated with increased mortality.

The goal of medical therapy reflected in these recommendations is to relieve symptoms and improve quality of life while minimizing drug-related adverse effects.

Treatment

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