Having trained in family medicine, I used to explain my profession to patients as having medical knowledge that was a mile wide and an inch deep (as the saying goes). There is not enough time in the world for any singular physician to know everything and to know it well. If you are part of any of the physician social media groups, you are particularly aware that rashes stump many of us.
One of the reasons I enjoy reading guidelines is learning information that may be commonly known in a certain specialty but may not be common knowledge to the rest of us. Below is a compilation of 5 clinical guideline gems from different societies that I thought were both quick to read and interesting.
1) According to the American College of Allergy, Asthma, and Immunology and the American Academy of Allergy, Asthma & Immunology, in adults, medications and stinging insect venom are the leading causes of anaphylaxis. In children and adolescents, foods and stinging insect venom are the most common triggers of anaphylaxis.
Many of us see that common penicillin allergy alert in our EMR and we ask the patient, “What symptoms did you have after taking penicillin?” Frequently we hear something to the effect of, “When I was a baby I had a reaction to penicillin and my mom was told not to give me penicillin anymore.” Obviously, we know that allergies are very real, but we also know that for some people a possible reaction does not always equal a true allergy or anaphylaxis. It is interesting that although we see in the EMR a decent amount of childhood allergies to medications, it is not even in the top two of childhood triggers for anaphylaxis.
Frankly, I included this because I was surprised when I read it. This is an important point to counsel patients on, as I’m sure our neurology friends are already aware.
3) The American College of Rheumatology recommends continuing necessary immunosuppressive and/or biologic therapies in treated rheumatic and musculoskeletal disease patients whose condition is stable, when the purpose of ovarian stimulation is oocyte retrieval for oocyte or embryo cryopreservation. This includes continuing mycophenolate or methotrexate. The exception is cyclophosphamide because it directly impacts maturing follicles.
In medical school, teratogens are hammered into us every year and are common exam questions. Drugs such as thalidomide and diethylstilbestrol are almost ingrained into us as a large red stop sign. Therefore, I thought it was interesting to learn that some immunosuppressive agents are recommended to be continued for oocyte/embryo cryopreservation since they do not directly impact maturing follicles like cyclophosphamide does.
4) According to the American Academy of Otolaryngology–Head and Neck Surgery, the diagnosis of definite or probable Ménière’s disease can be made in patients presenting with 2 or more episodes of vertigo lasting 20 minutes to 12 hours (definite) or up to 24 hours (probable) and fluctuating or nonfluctuating sensorineural hearing loss, tinnitus, or pressure in the affected ear, when these symptoms are not better accounted for by another disorder.
For those of us who struggled to keep straight the Rinné and Weber tests and other ENT classics, this one’s for you. I have a remote history of BPPV, and although mine was thankfully short-lived due to a co-resident who watched a YouTube video and performed the Dix-Hallpike maneuver, it was one of the craziest sensations. I would sit up from a supine position and suddenly I could not tell which way was up. I was surprised to learn (or perhaps re-remember from medical school) that the vertigo of Ménière’s disease can last up to 24 hours.
5) According to the American Heart Association and the American College of Cardiology, if contrast is needed for a postpartum woman, she may continue to breastfeed because <1% of iodinated contrast is excreted into the breast milk and therefore absorbed by the infant’s gastrointestinal tract.
Pregnant and lactating patients are often treated with an abundance of caution, but sometimes advice can veer into the land of unnecessary precautions. Examples include having to “pump and dump” milk even if medications are compatible with breastfeeding or having trouble scheduling a needed mammogram because the patient reported she was breastfeeding. This particular guideline was interesting in that not only can a postpartum woman continue to breastfeed after contrast, but also <1% of contrast is absorbed by the infant.
Staying curious about science and medicine is one of my favorite traits in fellow physicians. Although I’m sure the above gems did not revolutionize your world, I hope it kept you at least mildly curious.
Dr. Asha Anne D.O.Clinical Content Coordinator at Guideline Central
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